Contempt for independent institutions and open discussion has become entrenched from Central Europe to Eurasia. Time is running out for the EU and the United States to confront the antidemocratic backlash.
The period since the 2016 Brexit referendum has been a tumultuous one for UK citizens living in another EU Member State (the EU-27), as well as for EU nationals living in the United Kingdom. Preliminary agreements reached in late 2017 and early 2018 have shed some light on the status and rights these populations may have after the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, but much remains uncertain. For most Britons in the EU27, the subject of this report, securing the right to stay in their current country of residence has been the top priority, but many have much more at stake as they lose their EU citizenship.
After seven years as reluctant hosts to a million or more Syrian refugees, some Lebanese politicians have become increasingly vocal since 2017 in calling for the refugees to go home, and certain Lebanese municipalities have since 2016 engaged in forcibly evicting them from their homes and expelling them from their localities. At least 3,664 Syrian nationals have been evicted from at least 13 municipalities from the beginning of 2016 through the first quarter of 2018 and almost 42,000 Syrian refugees remained at risk of eviction in 2017, according to the UN refugee agency. The Lebanese army evicted another 7,524 in the vicinity of the Rayak air base in the Bekaa Valley in 2017 and 15,126 more Syrians near the air base have pending eviction orders, according to Lebanon’s Ministry of Social Affairs.
Index number: ACT 30/8151/2018. The reach of the US lethal drone programme is extensive and the USA relies heavily on assistance from many States. Since taking office, President Donald Trump has reportedly made changes to US policy on the use of force outside areas of conflict. Combined with the current administration’s reported dramatic expansion in lethal drone operations, there is a real risk of an increase in unlawful killings and civilian casualties. This report examines the role played by the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy and analyses whether assistance provided by them could be aiding potentially unlawful US drone strikes in violation of international law.
Index number: MDE 14/8196/2018. Territorial armed conflict involving the armed group Islamic State (IS) in Iraq has come to an end, but the suffering of Iraqis has not. Thousands of Iraqi women and children with perceived IS ties have been condemned for crimes they did not commit. They are being punished for factors outside of their control – such as being related, however distantly, to men who were somehow involved with IS. In IDP camps across Iraq, they are denied food, water and health care and prevented from returning home. Many have been subjected to sexual harassment, rape and sexual exploitation. This treatment has left these families with a deep sense of injustice.
The European Commission and OECD are publishing a report that identifies the main challenges to the integration of migrants and sets out concrete policy recommendations in response. Gathering best practice examples from large European cities including Amsterdam, Athens, Berlin, Paris and Rome, the report highlights 12 key points for local, regional and national policy-makers and practitioners to consider as they develop and implement local integration programmes. Recommendations focus on policy sectors such as health, labour, housing and education, and range from better matching migrant skills with the needs of local labour markets to creating shared spaces for communities to meet and bond.
Report from Jesuit Refugee Service. The response to Syrian refugees in Lebanon illustrates this need. Lebanon hosts more than one million refugees, the largest number of refugees relative to its national population in the world, but isn’t able to and has challenges providing education for all school-aged children. With the war in Syria continuing and more families needing to seek safety, this means an entire generation of children could go without education, which has consequences far beyond war and displacement.
In this report, activists tell their stories and describe how they are building their movements. To confront myths and counteract the isolation of many LGBT people in the region, Human Rights Watch and AFE teamed up to produce the videos featuring Arabic-speaking LGBT activists describing their journeys of self-acceptance. Through the video series, they offer messages of support and encouragement to LGBT people throughout the Arabicspeaking world.
The influx of over 650,000 Rohingya since September 2017, coupled with extreme hazards in monsoon season and overcrowding, has created many challenges for the Education Sector responding to the crisis in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Educational activities have grown difficult to implement due to the complex challenges of physical space, protection concerns, and a changing environment with continuous relocation. Noting the difficulties in regular programming activities as well as the pending hazards created by monsoon and cyclone season in the camp, the Education Sector has put together a basic Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan. The purpose of the plan is to address issues of preparedness ahead of monsoon season and quickly respond to the needs of the population. This plan will be practical and based on a set of overarching objectives established by the Sector. It will be a key tool of the Sector and partners to take practical action at organizational and Sectoral level, while also providing strategies to respond to emergencies at TLCs and other learning spaces.