As we enter 2018, Myanmar continues to face significant humanitarian challenges related to the recent crisis in Rakhine, large-scale displacement, food insecurity, protracted problems of statelessness and discrimination, ongoing armed conflict in some parts of the country, inter-communal tensions and vulnerability to natural disasters. The situation is particularly serious in Rakhine State, where the humanitarian crisis deepened in 2017. Armed attacks on police posts and subsequent security operations by Government forces led to mass displacement, with over 600,000 people – mostly Muslims who self identify as ‘Rohingya’ – seeking refuge across the border in Bangladesh and many others being internally displaced.
In 2018, we predict that conflict will remain the main driver of humanitarian needs, while natural disasters will also cause many people to need emergency aid. Overall, more than 135 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance and protection – and more funding than ever before is required to help them. Humanitarian agencies are committed to becoming more effective, efficient and cost-effective in order to respond faster to crises and in ways more attuned to the needs of those they are trying to help. In 2018 we will undertake more comprehensive, cross-sectoral and impartial needs assessments and we will contribute to long-term solutions by partnering more closely with development agencies.
This independent legal brief was commissioned by NRC, through the Thomson Reuters Foundation’s TrustLaw programme, and was researched by a team of international and national law firms who provided pro bono support. It addresses the legal issues arising from the Kenyan Government’s decision to, and efforts to, close Dadaab, and its commitment to the on-going repatriation process. It does this through an examination of the relevant factual background to the closure of Dadaab, and the applicable domestic, regional and international law.
The links between global development and migration run deep, though only in recent years have their connections been a part of the global debate. Development policies that promote good governance, economic opportunities, and health can shape the decisions individuals make about whether to emigrate or remain where they live, and migration has been shown to contribute to the development of countries of origin and destination alike. These policy areas have recently converged around a common goal of facilitating safe, orderly, and regular migration—articulated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and promised for the Global Compact for Migration to be put forward for UN Member State consideration in 2018.
With as many as 1 million people forcibly returned to Afghanistan in 2016 alone, where insecurity and instability greet them, the nature of return policies and reintegration assistance from European governments and others merits significant attention. These returns have significant implications for the individuals returned, Afghan society, and the migration-management and development objectives of the countries initiating returns, as this report explores.
This case study identifies what made EPIM work, and what lessons it offers for others seeking to impact their own field. It shows the importance of a strong governance model and central coordination in any collaboration. It highlights the benefits of linkages between actors in the field and policy-makers, creating a space for dialogue between them. It also reflects the need for excellent connections to the field, building trust with all actors to truly understand realities on the ground. Finally, it also underlines the unique benefits of going beyond grant-making alone, of developing a flexible approach, and of constantly learning from grantees and the field. Readers will see how collaboration and co-creation have delivered unique results for foundations, grantees, and the field at large. They will, hopefully, be inspired to set up similar collaboratives to impact their own field.
Este informe destaca las mejores prácticas para el cuidado y la protección de los niños refugiados y migrantes. Incluye ejemplos prácticos procedentes de los gobiernos, los aliados de la sociedad civil y las comunidades de acogida que trabajan para apoyar e integrar a los niños desarraigados y sus familias. Su lanzamiento coincide con una reunión celebrada en Puerto Vallarta sobre migración segura y ordenada, fundamental para la futura redacción de un Pacto Mundial para la Migración.
Humanitarian Overview 2018 examines major humanitarian crises worldwide to identify likely developments and corresponding needs. The report focuses on countries where the crisis trend indicates a deterioration in 2018 and a corresponding increase in need. It also includes countries where crisis is not predicted to worsen, but is likely to remain severe: Ethiopia, Iraq, Nigeria, Palestine, Sudan, and Syria. Across these countries, food security, displacement, health, and protection are expected to be the most pressing humanitarian needs in 2018.
This report presents an overview of the current evidence base on the complex relationships between climate change and human mobility. It aims to support the development of an informed global discourse across the humanitarian, peace and sustainable development agendas and as a counter to some of the sensationalist claims often propagated by the media. In so doing, the paper illustrates that to adequately address human mobility in international and national policy responses, the links between climate change, displacement and migration need to be better understood.
This report is from a study which aimed to find out what effects the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) cash assistance has had on the lives of Syrian refugees in Jordan.