Oil and Borders: How to Fix Iraq’s Kurdish Crisis

September’s independence referendum in Iraqi Kurdistan has pushed Baghdad to take control of Kirkuk and its oil fields from Kurdish control. To avert the threat of further direct confrontation, the two sides must agree to a reinvigorated UN-led effort to settle longstanding disputes over internal boundaries and shared oil revenues.


Time to Reset African Union-European Union Relations

Relations between the African Union (AU) and European Union (EU) reached a nadir in 2016 following serious disagreements over European payments to AU peacekeepers in Somalia. The fifth AU-EU summit in November presents a chance to reinvigorate the partnership if both sides can deal openly with disagreements, address deep-seated mutual frustration and agree to tackle the root causes driving migrants toward Europe.





“I Won’t Be a Doctor, and One Day You’ll Be Sick”. Girls’ Access to Education in Afghanistan

This report describes how, as security in the country worsens and international donors disengage from Afghanistan, progress made toward getting girls into school has stalled. It is based on 249 interviews in Kabul, Kandahar, Balkh, and Nangarhar provinces, mostly with girls ages 11 to 18 who were not able to complete their education.


Kenya: Kill those criminals: security forces violations in Kenya’s August 2017 elections

Index number: AFR 32/7249/2017. On August 11, 2017, the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission declared incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta winner of the presidential elections amid claims of fraud. Opposition supporters in Nairobi, the coast and western Kenya protested the results, burning tyres and lighting bonfires, blocking roads and stoning police officers. This report documents how police used excessive force against protesters, firing teargas in residential areas or inside houses, shooting in the air but also directly into the crowd and carrying out violent and abusive house to house operations, beating and shooting residents. In Nairobi alone, at least 33 people were killed.


From institutions to community living – Part I: commitments and structures

Discussions are under way at the European Union (EU) and national levels about how best to realise the transition from institutional to community-based support. This report contributes to these by bringing together some of the key issues that have emerged from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights’ (FRA) human rights indicators on Member States’ political and practical commitment to deinstitutionalisation.



From institutions to community living – Part II: funding and budgeting

The transition from institution- to community-based support for persons with disabilities is a complex process that requires multifaceted efforts. These include putting in place commitments and structures for achieving deinstitutionalisation and measuring outcomes for persons with disabilities. This report shows that effectively funding the deinstitutionalisation process is a vital element.



Global Disaster Displacement Risk – A baseline for future work

Displacement associated with disasters is a global issue. There were 24.2 million new displacements brought on by sudden-onset natural hazards in 2016.


Despite that, displacement is one of the least reported impacts of sudden-onset disasters and its consequences on people’s lives, local communities, countries and the international community are often not accounted for. The current scale of the issue, its trends, patterns and future risks are poorly understood, which hinders the effective reduction of both displacement and disaster risk.


The next frontier for disaster risk reduction: tackling disasters in fragile and conflict-affected contexts

This report looks at the political and institutional barriers – both real and perceived – to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy, practice and overseas development assistance to fragile or conflict-affected contexts.



In Custody. Police Torture and Abductions in Turkey

This report details credible evidence of 11 cases of serious abuse in detention, involving scores of individuals, all but one within the past seven months. The findings are based on interviews with lawyers and relatives, and a review of court transcripts, including allegations that police severely beat and threatened detainees, stripped them naked, and in some cases threatened them with sexual assault or sexually assaulted them. Human Rights Watch documented five cases of abductions in Ankara and Izmir between March and June 2017 that could amount to enforced disappearances – cases in which the authorities take a person into custody but deny it or refuse to provide information about the person’s whereabouts.



The Social Roots of Jihadist Violence in Burkina Faso’s North

Jihadist violence in the West African Sahel has now spread to the north of Burkina Faso. The response of Ouagadougou and its partners must go beyond the obvious religious and security dimensions of the crisis, and any solution must take into account deep-rooted social and local factors.