Número de índice: AMR 43/6515/2017. La historia de Nicaragua recordará el 13 de junio de 2013 como una fecha trascendental. En ese día, la Asamblea Nacional adoptó la “Ley Especial para el Desarrollo de Infraestructuras y Transporte “Ley Especial para el Desarrollo de Infraestructuras y Transporte Nicaragüense Atingente a El Canal, Zonas de Libre Comercio e Infraestructuras Asociadas” (Ley 840). Esta Ley dio el visto bueno para otorgar la concesión, diseño y desarrollo de uno de los proyectos de ingeniería más ambiciosos del mundo: El Gran Canal Interoceánico y sus Sub-Proyectos asociados (el Proyecto).
Index number: MDE 13/6446/2017. The Iranian authorities are intensifying their crackdown against human rights defenders, who have already been working under suffocating levels of repression. Human rights defenders are routinely portrayed in official statements and court verdicts as “criminals” and “foreign agents” bent on harming national security. Since 2013, dozens of human rights defenders have been imprisoned on spurious national security-related charges based solely on their peaceful human rights activities. Many others have faced surveillance, interrogations and drawn-out prosecutions, coercing them into silence. Amnesty International urges the Iranian authorities to release all imprisoned human rights defenders immediately and unconditionally, and to create a safe and enabling environment in which defenders can defend and promote human rights without fear of reprisals.
In this report, Amnesty International researched the way in which arrests by police forces in Mexico occur, specifically, when the authorities alleged that they arrest a person in flagrante delicto; that is, at the time when a crime was being committed. We found that, in Mexico, the arrests of people who were allegedly committing a crime at the time of the arrest, do not serve as a genuine response to the crimes being committed in the country, but are used by the authorities illegally, mainly against those who face historical situations of discrimination, with a worrying impact on young men living in poverty.
Death sentences in Ghana continue to be imposed. At the end of 2016, 148 people were on death row, all sentenced to death for murder. While the last executions were carried out in July 1993, there is no official moratorium on executions in Ghana. Research carried out by Amnesty International in Ghana has highlighted concerns with the use of the death penalty, access to fair trial rights and poor prison conditions. Amnesty International calls on the Ghanaian authorities to commute the death sentences of all people on death row and to abolish the death penalty for all crimes.
The battle for west Mosul has caused a civilian catastrophe. Civilians have been ruthlessly exploited by the armed group calling itself the Islamic State (IS), which has systematically moved them into zones of conflict, used them as human shields and prevented them from escaping to safety. They have also been subjected to relentless and unlawful attacks by Iraqi government forces and members of the US-led coalition. Residents of west Mosul count themselves lucky if they escape with their lives.
Amnesty International highlights continued harassment of human rights defenders, including enforced disappearance of defenders; arbitrary arrest and detention in Karachi and Balochistan; restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and association; sectarian and religious violence; and violence against women and lack of access to justice. Amnesty International also raises concerns about the continued application of the death penalty, including death sentences imposed by military courts; and forced return of refugees to Afghanistan.
Rwandans go to the polls on 4 August 2017 to elect their next president, in a climate of fear created by years of repression against opposition politicians, journalists and human rights defenders. They have been jailed, physically attacked – even killed – and forced into exile or silence. Prior human rights violations and unresolved cases of murders and disappearances continue to have a chilling effect on the current political and human rights context.
A humanitarian crisis continues to unfold in the central Mediterranean as thousands of people are dying at sea in the desperate attempt to reach safety or a better life in Europe. Instead of trying to prevent further loss of life, European leaders are focused on preventing refugees and migrants from departing from Libya to keep the number of arrivals in Europe down. This report shows how this reckless European strategy is exposing refugees and migrants to even greater risks at sea and, when intercepted, to disembarkation in Libya, where they face horrific conditions and violations in detention, torture and rape. https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/EUR0366552017ENGLISH.PDF
Amnesty International presents this submission to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (the Committee) on the occasion of the review of Canada’s twenty-first to twenty-third periodic reports during the Committee’s 93rd Session. Although Canada has undertaken certain positive steps since the Committee’s last review of Canada in 2012, many of the obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (the Convention) remain unimplemented. This briefing highlights concerns about Canada’s implementation of the Convention in relation to Indigenous peoples and refugees and migrants.
This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Zambia in November 2017. In it, Amnesty International welcomes the new Constitution; however the organization is concerned about the Bill of Rights which does not sufficiently guarantee all rights. Some key ratifications also remain outstanding. Amnesty International also raises concerns about restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, discrimination and violence towards the Tonga ethnic group, imprisonment of political opponents, excessive the use of force by the police and impunity for such violations.