Estados Unidos

USA: Intent to kill, intent to die: First execution in Nevada since 2006 imminent

Index number: AMR 51/7392/2017. There is a killing on the cards in Nevada. Although some may say it has quasi-suicidal features, it is in fact a thoroughly premeditated and calculated homicide. It has been pursued for more than a dozen years. This would be the first judicial execution in Nevada since 26 April 2006; the first to take place in Nevada’s new death chamber at Ely State Prison; and the first in the whole of the USA to be carried out using the particular three-drug combination chosen by Nevada. The execution has been set for 8pm on Tuesday 14 November 2017.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR5173922017ENGLISH.PDF

 

Beyond Teaching English: Supporting High School Completion by Immigrant and Refugee Students

Immigrant and refugee students who arrive in the United States during their secondary school years face daunting hurdles as they seek to juggle learning a new language and culture while also trying to quickly close knowledge gaps and get on track to pass the coursework required to graduate high school. This report explores effective program models and services developed by school districts to support newcomer students.

https://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/Sugarman-BeyondTeachingEnglish_FINALWEB.pdf

Quality for Whom? Supporting Diverse Children and Workers in Early Childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems

For children in U.S. homes where a language other than English is spoken, early childhood programs that are responsive to their needs can be key to later academic success. But as states refine their Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) to assess such programs, immigrant early childhood workers with in-demand language and cultural skills may be left behind. This report examines the challenges these workers face and promising practices to serve diverse communities.

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/StateQRIS-Diversity_FINAL_WEB.pdf

 

Immigration and Farm Labor: From Unauthorized to H-2A for Some?

Although immigrant workers have long been employed on U.S. farms, shifting migration patterns and employer labor strategies are reshaping the agricultural workforce. Migration from Mexico to the United States has slowed with the the 2008–09 recession, improving conditions in rural Mexico, and stepped-up border enforcement.

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/Martin-ImmigrationAgricultureH2AWorkers-FINAL.pdf

 

“I Want to Be Like Nature Made Me”. Medically Unnecessary Surgeries on Intersex Children in the US.

(25/07/2017). This report examines the physical and psychological damage caused by medically unnecessary surgery on intersex people, who are born with chromosomes, gonads, sex organs, or genitalia that differ from those seen as socially typical for boys and girls. The report examines the controversy over the operations inside the medical community, and the pressure on parents to opt for surgery.

https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/lgbtintersex0717_web.pdf

https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/lgbtintersex0717_appendices.pdf

Enfrentando muros. Violaciones de los derechos de solicitantes de asilo en Estados Unidos y México

Index number: AMR 01/6426/2017. Hundreds of thousands of people flee extreme violence in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala each year and seek asylum in Mexico and the United States. This briefing analyses the harsh effect that President Donald Trump’s Executive Order on border security will have on these people, as well as the complicit role that the Mexican government plays in pushing people back to danger. Beyond a physical wall, there are a number of inhumane walls that exist and violate international law, including increasing detention of asylum seekers and families, and violations of the non-refoulement principle that effectively return helpless people to life threatening situations.

Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017SPANISH.PDF

Informe en inglés: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017ENGLISH.PDF

How Are Refugees Faring? Integration at U.S. and State Levels

The United States has long operated the world’s largest refugee resettlement program, admitting nearly 85,000 refugees in fiscal year 2016. Over the years, those admitted have come from a wider range of countries and, as the cost of living rises in urban centers, increasingly been settled in small and medium-sized cities. Most find employment soon after arrival, in line with the resettlement program’s strong work-first philosophy. But as federal funding for many of the transitional assistance programs that help refugees find their footing in the United States fails to keep up with demand, states, local communities, and civil society have come under increased pressure to bridge the gaps.

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/TCM-Asylum-USRefugeeIntegration-FINAL.pdf

 

USA: Criminalizing pregnancy: Policing pregnant women who use drugs in the USA

Index number: AMR 51/6203/2017. In the USA, pregnant women lie at the center of a contested battleground over their sexual and reproductive rights. A series of laws police the behavior of pregnant women and particularly impact those who are marginalized and those who use drugs. Collectively called pregnancy criminalization laws, this report provides a basic overview of the impact of these laws on women’s human rights and access to healthcare across the USA, and specifically focuses on two criminal laws in Alabama and Tennessee. Amnesty International is asking the authorities to repeal these laws. Instead of relying on punishment, states must ensure they are meeting their human rights obligations including ensuring access to healthcare.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR5162032017ENGLISH.pdf

“I Still Need You”: The Detention and Deportation of Californian Parents

The report, “‘I Still Need You’: The Detention and Deportation of Californian Parents,” is based on data obtained via a Freedom of Information Act request to federal immigration authorities. The data covers nearly 300,000 federal detentions of immigrants in facilities in California over a four-and-ahalf-year span. Over that period, an average of about 65,000 immigrants a year were detained in California in 15 facilities. Many were parents of US citizen children. Although the records for most of the period do not specify whether detainees have US citizen children, the records for one nine-month span (October 2014 to June 2015) generally do, and statistical methods can reliably fill the gaps. Analyzing the records for that nine-month span, Human Rights Watch found that nearly half – 42 percent – of detainees had US citizen children.

https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/uscaliforniaimmigration0517_web_0.pdf

US: “My family was in shock” – The harm caused by the President Trump’s executive orders on travel to the US

Index number: AMR 51/6207/2017. US President Donald Trump had been in office for exactly a week when he issued an executive order barring the entry of people from seven Muslim-majority countries and slamming the door on refugees. And when the courts halted the first executive order, his administration pushed out a second order with largely the same provisions, which, in turn, was promptly blocked by litigation. Motivated by anti-Muslim animus, and disproportionately impacting Muslims, both executive orders violate the principle of nondiscrimination, codified in treaties binding upon the United States. They evince a view of immigrants and other non-citizens that is intolerant, bigoted, and offensive. Besides documenting the harms caused by the first executive order during the relatively brief period in which it was in effect, this briefing paper describes the situations of people who are still awaiting US visas, some of whom could be irreparably harmed if the US courts were to rule that the second executive order is constitutional.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR5162072017ENGLISH.PDF