International Crisis Group

Prospects for a Deal to Stabilise Syria’s North East

Much of north-eastern Syria has been safe during the civil war. But in the event of U.S. military withdrawal, a mad scramble for control could be unleashed. Washington and Moscow should help their respective allies in Syria reach a decentralisation deal for the area.

 

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/190-prospects-for-a-deal.pdf

 

Shaping a New Peace in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas

Briefing Nº 150 / Asia. Pakistan is moving to bring its Federally Administered Tribal Areas into the constitutional order. But rights remain severely restricted in the borderlands, threatening deeper popular alienation. To stop militants from stepping in, the government should lift its draconian interim regulations and deliver needed services.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b150-shaping-a-new-peace-in-pakistans-tribal-areas.pdf

 

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

Report Nº 263 / Africa. The Cameroonian government should aim at encouraging more Cameroonian Boko Haram members to surrender. Community service, public confessions, symbolic ceremonies and vocational training can help reintegrate those who do not pose a threat. The government should also prepare for the demobilisation of some vigilantes.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/263-extreme-nord-du-cameroun.pdf

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/263-cameroons-far-north-english_0.pdf

 

After the Showdown in Libya’s Oil Crescent

A renewed struggle this summer over Libya’s main oil export zone cut sales in half, squeezing hard currency supplies amid outcry about mismanagement of hydrocarbon revenues. To build trust, Libyan and international actors should review public spending and move toward unifying divided financial institutions.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/189-after-the-showdown-in-libyas-oil-crescent_0.pdf

Tunisie : dépasser les querelles pour restaurer la confiance

Le maintien ou le départ du chef du gouvernement tunisien, Youssef Chahed, est depuis plusieurs semaines au cœur d’une crise politique. Si les principales forces politiques et syndicales échouent à trouver un compromis, la formation d’un gouvernement dit de technocrates pourrait permettre de renforcer la confiance et d’apaiser les rancœurs.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b62-tunisie-depasser-les-querelles-pour-restaurer-la-confiance.pdf

Informe en inglés:

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b62-restoring-public-confidence-in-tunisias-political-system.pdf

How to Cope with Iraq’s Summer Brushfire

In July protests against inadequate supplies of jobs, water and electricity swept across southern Iraq, reaching Baghdad. The ruling elites should heed demonstrators’ calls to improve public services and stamp out corruption – or risk reigniting popular discontent and tempting would-be strongmen to step in.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b061-how-to-cope-with-iraqs-summer-brushfire.pdf

Iraq’s Paramilitary Groups: The Challenge of Rebuilding a Functioning State

A struggle looms in Iraq over the future of paramilitary groups assembled to help the state defeat ISIS. These units remain under arms and autonomous. Baghdad should strengthen the interior and defence ministries so they can absorb the paramilitaries now undercutting the state’s authority.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/188-iraqs-paramilitary-groups.pdf

Stopping Nigeria’s Spiralling Farmer-Herder Violence

Report Nº 262 / Africa. Rising conflict between herders and farmers in Nigeria is already six times deadlier in 2018 than Boko Haram’s insurgency. To stop the bloodshed, the federal government should improve security; end impunity for assailants; and hasten livestock sector reform. State governments should freeze open grazing bans.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/262-stopping-nigerias-spiralling-farmer-herder-violence.pdf

 

Averting War in Gaza

Briefing Nº 60 / Middle East & North Africa. Israel and Hamas stand on the brink of another full-scale confrontation in Gaza. The only viable exit from the ongoing cycle of escalation is for international actors to use carrots and sticks to bring about intra-Palestinian reconciliation, thereby allowing the Palestinian Authority (PA) to govern the Gaza Strip.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b060-averting-war-in-gaza.pdf

 

Building on Afghanistan’s Fleeting Ceasefire

Report  Nº 298 / Asia. The end-of-Ramadan truce in Afghanistan was brief but encouraging, demonstrating that both Afghan government soldiers and the Taliban rank and file will respect ceasefire orders from above. Both sides, alongside the U.S., should now seize the opportunity to edge closer to meaningful talks about peace.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/298-building-on-afghanistans-fleeting-ceasefire_0.pdf