International Crisis Group

The Social Roots of Jihadist Violence in Burkina Faso’s North

Jihadist violence in the West African Sahel has now spread to the north of Burkina Faso. The response of Ouagadougou and its partners must go beyond the obvious religious and security dimensions of the crisis, and any solution must take into account deep-rooted social and local factors.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/254-nord-du-burkina-faso-ce-que-cache-le-jihad.pdf

 

Discord in Yemen’s North Could Be a Chance for Peace

Since August, a public rift has surfaced between the two main partners on the northern front of Yemen’s war – the forces loyal to the Huthis and Ali Abdullah Saleh. Rather than fostering its rivals’ discord, key powerbroker Saudi Arabia should seize this rare chance to resolve the two-and-a-half year war by championing a new regional initiative.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/b054-discord-in-yemens-north-could-be-a-chance-for-peace_0.pdf

 

The Rising Risks of Misrule in Tajikistan

With his seven-year term set to end in 2020, uncertainty is growing over whether Tajikistan’s long-time ruler President Rahmon will handpick a successor or continue his reign. Growing troubles at home and abroad ensure both scenarios are fraught with risk and must be managed prudently, lest the country become another source of regional disorder.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/B86-the-rising-risks-of-misrule-in-tajikistan.pdf

 

Avoiding the Worst in Central African Republic

Resurgent armed groups in Central African Republic are killing many civilians and causing widespread displacement. Government forces and the UN are in a weak position, and there are no quick solutions. To contain the violence, the government and international actors must agree on a roadmap for peace with armed groups that combines both incentives and coercive measures.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/253-eviter-le-pire-enr%C3%A9publique-centrafricaine.pdf

Herders against Farmers: Nigeria’s Expanding Deadly Conflict

Propelled by desertification, insecurity and the loss of grazing land to expanding settlements, the southward migration of Nigeria’s herders is causing violent competition over land with local farmers. To prevent the crisis from escalating, the government should strengthen security for herders and farmers, implement conflict resolution mechanisms and establish grazing reserves.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/252-nigerias-spreading-herder-farmer-conflict.pdf

 

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-insurgencies

Report Nº 251 / Africa. Vigilante groups have been successful in providing local security. But subcontracting security functions to vigilante groups for counter-insurgency purposes is a dangerous option for fragile African states. African leaders should set clear objectives and mandates when enlisting vigilantes and invest in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programs.

 

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/251-double-edged-sword.pdf

Buddhism and State Power in Myanmar

Report Nº 290 / Asia. Extreme Buddhist nationalist positions including hate speech and violence are on the rise in Myanmar. Rather than ineffective bans on broad-based groups like the Association for the Protection of Race and Religion (MaBaTha), the government should address underlying causes and reframe the debate on Buddhism’s place in society and politics.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/290-buddhism-and-state-power-in-myanmar_0.pdf

 

Cameroon’s Anglophone Crisis at the Crossroads

Africa Report N°250. Since October 2016, protests and strikes related to sectoral demands have escalated into a crisis over the economic and political marginalisation of Cameroon’s Anglophone minority. Although the government has made some concessions, it must rebuild mutual trust with Anglophone actors in order to avoid instability ahead of the 2018 general elections.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/250-cameroons-anglophone-crisis-at-the-crossroads.pdf

 

How Libya’s Fezzan Became Europe’s New Border

Middle East and North Africa Report N°179. The principal gateway into Europe for refugees and migrants runs through the power vacuum in southern Libya’s Fezzan region. Any effort by European policymakers to stabilise Fezzan must be part of a national-level strategy aimed at developing Libya’s licit economy and reaching political normalisation.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/179-how-libyas-fezzan-became-europes-new-border.pdf

 

Sri Lanka’s Conflict-Affected Women: Dealing with the Legacy of War

Asia Report N°289 .Tamil-speaking women in Sri Lanka’s north and east pushed for accountability and truth during the country’s civil war but have been marginalised during the transitional justice process. The government and international actors must include their voices and address their injustices and difficult economic situation to ensure lasting peace.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/289-sri-lankas-conflict-affected-women-dealing-with-the-legacy-of-war.pdf