ODI

Upending humanitarianism: questions emerging ‘from the ground up’

Since the World Humanitarian Summit in May 2016, the idea of responses that are ‘as local as possible, as international as necessary’ has emerged as both a central and a contentious point of departure for reforming the existing humanitarian architecture. Critiques of the system have led to calls to allow space for a more devolved humanitarianism that recognises that first responders are almost always local. Such a response is more contextually appropriate and attuned to existing needs; enhances flexibility and efficiency; and involves local aid actors and communities more meaningfully in humanitarian decision-making.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11941.pdf

 

Gatekeepers, elders and accountability in Somalia

In Somalia, the relationship between formal and informal spheres of governance are being renegotiated. In many areas, the formal state has been absent for a long time, or government agents only recently appointed by the Federal Government of Somalia. Meanwhile, there are powerful non-state actors who play roles in customary and informal governance systems, that in turn work to compete with, accommodate and influence formal state institutions.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11938.pdf

 

Climate change, migration and displacement: the need for a risk-informed and coherent approach

This report presents an overview of the current evidence base on the complex relationships between climate change and human mobility. It aims to support the development of an informed global discourse across the humanitarian, peace and sustainable development agendas and as a counter to some of the sensationalist claims often propagated by the media. In so doing, the paper illustrates that to adequately address human mobility in international and national policy responses, the links between climate change, displacement and migration need to be better understood.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11874.pdf

A promise of tomorrow: the effects of UNHCR and UNICEF cash assistance on Syrian refugees in Jordan

This report is from a study which aimed to find out what effects the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) cash assistance has had on the lives of Syrian refugees in Jordan.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11877.pdf

The DFID/ECHO approach to cash assistance for refugees in Lebanon: documenting the process

This working paper, based largely on interviews with 31 individuals from donor organisations, United Nations agencies and non-governmental organisations in Lebanon and headquarters, impartially documents the process and the positions and perspectives of key actors involved in developing and responding to the joint United Kingdom Department for International Development and European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations cash initiative. It is intended as a positive contribution to learning lessons from the process, and to inform discussion on how cash can be part of a more effective humanitarian response in Lebanon and elsewhere.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11891.pdf

The next frontier for disaster risk reduction: tackling disasters in fragile and conflict-affected contexts

This report looks at the political and institutional barriers – both real and perceived – to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy, practice and overseas development assistance to fragile or conflict-affected contexts.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11808.pdf

 

Countering violent extremism

There is no consensus on what violent extremism is and how best to prevent or counter it. The term ‘violent extremism’ has become a catch-all for a number of phenomena, and there is considerable variation in how terminology is used. Violent extremism conflates belief and use of force. Critics also see the use of ‘extremist’ as always politically motivated: it can be used to denounce those that threaten the political status quo. However, its use to describe primarily Islamist groups has obscured the fact that extremist beliefs and support for violence are found across different cultures, religions, and political situations.This topic guide introduces conceptual and practical approaches to violent extremism in different contexts. It introduces explanations of violent extremism put forward by different disciplines, how these approach the study of violent extremism and prominent myths and contradictions.

http://www.gsdrc.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/CVE.pdf