Displacement associated with disasters is a global issue. There were 24.2 million new displacements brought on by sudden-onset natural hazards in 2016.
Despite that, displacement is one of the least reported impacts of sudden-onset disasters and its consequences on people’s lives, local communities, countries and the international community are often not accounted for. The current scale of the issue, its trends, patterns and future risks are poorly understood, which hinders the effective reduction of both displacement and disaster risk.
This report looks at the political and institutional barriers – both real and perceived – to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy, practice and overseas development assistance to fragile or conflict-affected contexts.
(Report from Concern Worldwide, Welthungerhilfe, International Food Policy Research Institute). The 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) shows long-term progress in reducing hunger in the world. The advances have been uneven, however, with millions of people still experiencing chronic hunger and many places suffering acute food crises and even famine.
Since 2014, more than 22,500 migrant deaths and disappearances have been recorded by the International Organization for Migration globally. The real figure could be much higher, but many deaths are never recorded. Fatal Journeys Volume 3 – Part 1 provides a global review of existing data sources, and illustrates the need for improvements in the ways that data on missing migrants are collected, analysed and communicated.
The report highlights three key ways in which to improve the collection, sharing and reporting of data on missing migrants. First, a growing number of innovative sources of data on missing migrants, such as “big data”, could be used to improve data on migrant fatalities. Second, much more could be done to gather data to increase identification rates, such as developing intraregional mechanisms to share data more effectively. Third, improving data on missing migrants also requires more thought and improved practice in the use and communication of such data. Improving information and reporting on who these missing migrants are, where they come from, and above all, when they are most at risk, is crucial to building a holistic response to reduce the number of migrant deaths.
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This briefing presents examples of equipment currently being manufactured, promoted, exported and misused that urgently needs to be banned or more robustly regulated. Drawing on research by Amnesty International and the Omega Research Foundation, it examines mechanical restraints, direct contact electric shock devices, riot control agents, kinetic impact devices, training in potentially abusive techniques and pharmaceutical chemicals used in lethal injections, citing cases from around the world of their misuse in torture and other ill-treatment and for carrying out the death penalty. It explores what measures States have so far taken to combat this trade.
Index number: POL 30/7037/2017. When companies cause or contribute to human rights abuses, adequate accountability and redress rarely occur. Legal, jurisdictional and practical barriers often lead to corporate impunity and denial of justice, especially when abuses are committed across territorial borders. This briefing puts forward concrete legal proposals to tackle some of the most serious and persistent hurdles to effective remedy in cases of corporate human rights abuse.
This report compares the way victims’ lawyers were selected in one ongoing trial to broader trends in court practice. At the ICC, victims have a right to participate in trials and are represented at trial through lawyers. The court’s system of victim participation, a key innovation in international criminal justice, creates a critical link between communities affected by atrocities and the courtroom. But Human Rights Watch found that ICC practice is falling short of ensuring that the victims’ views are adequately considered in decisions about whether and how to organize victims’ legal representation.
With this study on the use of expert judgment in humanitarian analysis, ACAPS explores the theory of expert judgment. The note provides methods for the elicitation of expert judgement and several case studies to illustrate its practical applicability within humanitarian contexts. The overall objective of this work is to enhance the use of expert judgment in humanitarian settings. The summary and full note speak primarily to humanitarian analysts who oversee the production of expert judgment, but it is also instructive for decision-makers, the experts themselves and for interested stakeholders.
(Report from UNOCHA). The global number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has reached an all-time high, as an increasing number of IDPs remain displaced for years or even decades. In 2014, more than 50 countries were reported to have people living in internal displacement for more than 10 years. As illustrated in the five country case studies informing this report (Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Philippines, Somalia and Ukraine)i , a rapidly resolved internal displacement crisis where IDPs find durable solutions—sustainable return, local integration or relocation—has become a rare exception.