Unión Europea

Antisemitism – Overview of data available in the European Union 2007–2017

Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other forms of speech or text, including on the internet. The present report provides an overview of data on antisemitism as recorded by international organisations and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States, based on their own definitions and categorisations.



Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level – Guidance

As a very modern human rights catalogue containing many rights not found in established bills of rights, the Charter indeed looks good on paper. Those familiar with the main principles of EU law can usually quickly recite that the Charter is always binding on the EU, and binding on Member States only when they are “implementing EU law”. But what does this often-quoted language from Article 51 of the Charter actually mean?



Combating child poverty: an issue of fundamental rights

Almost 25 million children under 18 are at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. Poverty deprives children of educational opportunities, childcare, access to health care, adequate food and housing, family support and even protection from violence. This report outlines data and survey findings that highlight the magnitude of child poverty in the EU, but also presents tools available to counter this phenomenon and keep track of progress made.



A Comprehensive Study on the new Proposals for EU funds on Asylum, Migration and Integration

ECRE and UNHCR published the report ‘Joint Way Forward – A Comprehensive Study of the new Proposals for EU funds on Asylum, Migration and Integration’ that analyses selected new legislative and budgetary proposals published by the European Commission within the framework of the proposed Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-27. The report focuses on those proposals which are: relevant to beneficiaries of the current Asylum, Migration & Integration Fund (AMIF) 2014-20 and proposed to be delivered by Member States via ‘shared management’ arrangements. It covers the proposals for the Asylum and Migration Fund, the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund+ and the Common Provision Regulation. The report summarises the background and context of the new proposals, outlines provisions of the proposed new instruments and maps significant changes from the current Asylum, Migration & Integration Fund (AMIF). The report builds on the findings of ‘Follow the Money: report on the use of AMIF funding at the national level’, published by UNHCR and ECRE in early 2018, which critically examined the programming of AMIF funding at the national level during the 2014-17 period. It follows up on the study’s third specific objective of providing input in order to assist the European Commission (EC), Member States (MS) and partners in the development of European asylum, migration and integration funding instruments post-2020.



Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU – September 2018 Highlights

The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since November 2015, in light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The countries covered are: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden.



The Dublin system in the first half of 2018. Key figures from selected European countries

The latest Dublin Update published by the Asylum Information Database (AIDA), managed by ECRE, releases exclusive figures from 14 European countries on the operation of the Dublin system for the first six months of 2018.



ECRE Comments: On the European Commission Proposal on the Asylum and Migration Fund (AMF)

ECRE has published its Comments on the European Commission’s Proposal on the Asylum and Migration Fund (AMF) which is currently being negotiated as part of the legislative proposals for the next EU Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021- 2027. The Comments include analysis of some of the main provisions of the proposal as well as recommendations to the European Parliament and Member States. The overall MFF proposal foresees a significant increase in the amount of money awarded to migration and border management. As part of this, the amount of money to be allocated to AMF is suggested to be 10.4 billion Euro, which constitutes an increase from the initial allocation of the current funding period but falls well short of the suggested five-fold increase in the budget awarded for border management. The AMF can play a considerable role in ensuring fair and effective asylum systems in Europe, returns in dignity of third country nationals and contribute to the harmonization of standards in relation to asylum, reception conditions and integration. For this to happen, the central objective of contributing to European asylum policy has to be stated more clearly. As part of effective implementation of EU funding, it also has to be ensured that EU resources are allocated according to needs. The suggested allocation of resources to Member States national programmes risks skewing funds according to numbers of return decisions and affected returns while the needs on improving asylum and supporting integration receive less attention. This, as well as the lack of allocation and spending requirements for asylum and integration priorities risks that certain Member States maintain a poor standard of asylum and integration services. Transferring the bulk of the responsibility for support of integration of third country nationals to the proposed European Social Fund + (ESF+) is a welcome development as it underlines the need to consider this area within the broader work of building inclusive societies. However, it does not come without its challenges. It must be ensured that across the two funds, an adequate amount of support is dedicated to the integration of third country nationals, that individuals do not fall between the cracks of different funding mechanisms and responsible authorities at the Member State level and that support can be provided to asylum seekers, those whose claims have been rejected as well as people with precarious status. Finally, ECRE calls for a strengthened partnership with civil society in the implementation of the AMF and for defining and limiting EU internal asylum funding spent outside the EU. Where external spending of funds is referenced, this must be made conditional on the third country concerned complying with its obligations under international human rights law.


How the Eurosur Regulation affects fundamental rights

In November 2017, the European Commission requested FRA’s support in evaluating the impact on fundamental rights of the European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) Regulation. Further to this request, FRA reviewed the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and analysed cooperation agreements concluded by EU Member States with third countries which are relevant for the exchange of information for the purposes of Eurosur. This report presents the main findings of such review.



Protecting migrant workers from exploitation in the EU: boosting workplace inspections

Severe labour exploitation is widespread across the European Union. While workplace inspections can help counter this phenomenon, they need to be strengthened to do so effectively. Based on interviews and focus group discussions with almost 240 exploited workers active in diverse economic sectors, this report provides important evidence on how unscrupulous employers manipulate and undermine inspections, and on what can be done to counteract such efforts.


Annex 1: Institutional set up (monitoring) for combating labour exploitation at national level.


Annex 2: Risk management systems to detect labour exploitation at national level.



Making EU citizens’ rights a reality: national courts enforcing freedom of movement and related rights

The founding treaties, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and secondary EU law all provide for EU citizens’ freedom to move and reside freely in any EU country of their choice. Growing numbers of citizens, and their family members, are making use of this freedom and related rights, such as the right not to be discriminated against based on nationality and the right to vote in certain elections in the host Member State. But making these rights a reality remains a challenge. This report presents an EU-wide, comparative overview of the application of the Free Movement Directive (2004/38/EC) across the 28 Member States based on a review of select case law at national level.