Unión Europea

EU asylum figures 2018: Applications return to 2014 levels, decreasing by 10% over previous year

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published its 2018 asylum trends overview. Data shows a lower recognition rate of applications (34% compared to 40% in 2017) and pending cases at less than half of the peak recorded in autumn 2016. While overall applications continued to fall in 2018, citizens from Iran, Turkey, and several visa-liberalised countries lodged more applications than in 2017.

https://www.easo.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EASO-2018-EU-Asylum-Trends-Overview.pdf

 

Crossing a Red Line: How EU Countries Undermine the Right to Liberty by Expanding the Use of Detention of Asylum Seekers upon Entry.

This week the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, in conjunction with ECRE and a number of European project partners,launched their report “Crossing a Red Line: How EU Countries Undermine the Right to Liberty by Expanding the Use of Detention of Asylum Seekers upon Entry.” By examining four case studies; Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary and Italy, this research explores how asylum seekers’ rights to liberty are undermined upon entry, with a specific focus on de facto detention. “Crossing a Red Line” explains that while there has been a significant decrease in asylum applications in Bulgaria, Hungary and Italy, the use of detention upon entry has been increasing since 2015 and continues to do so. Practises of de facto detention- which indicates the deprivation of an individual’s liberty without the requirement of a detention order- are widespread and specific to country context. Hot spots, transit zones, pre- removal centres, border zones at which migrants have been ‘pushed- back’ and boats- including search and rescue vessels- have all become spaces in which people can be detained. In other cases “protective detention” results in unaccompanied children having their freedom of movement restricted.
https://www.helsinki.hu/wp-content/uploads/crossing_a_red_line.pdf

Working with Roma: Participation and empowerment of local communities – Summary

This summary report presents the key findings of the fieldwork to identify and understand the operation of barriers to and drivers of successful investment in Roma inclusion and the FRA opinions stemming from them.

https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2019-working-with-roma-summary_en.pdf

 

Follow the Money II: Assessing the Use of EU Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) Funding at the National Level (2014 – 2018)

This study was launched last week in Brussels to examine the use made by Member States of the European Union funding known as Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) established by the European Commission (EC) for the period 2014-20. This report is produced in the framework of the strategic partnership of the European Council for Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), established in 2016 to develop and promote discussions on the future of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

https://www.ecre.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Follow-the-Money-II_AMIF_UNHCR_ECRE.pdf

 

EASO. Guidance on reception conditions for unaccompanied children: operational standards and indicators

This new EASO Guidance on reception conditions complements the first guidance published in September 2016, with a focus on unaccompanied children. The overall objective of this guidance is to support Member States in the implementation of key provisions of the Reception Conditions Directive, ensuring an adequate standard of living for unaccompanied children and taking into account their special reception needs.

https://www.easo.europa.eu/sites/default/files/Guidance-on%20reception-%20conditions-%20for-unaccompanied-children.pdf

 

FRA publications 2018. A summary of all FRA reports published in 2018

This listing shows which products were released in 2018. It shows the available languages and a short description of each report. The list also shows translations of existing FRA products which were published in 2018.

http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-publications-overview-2018_en.pdf

 

Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the European Court of Human Rights

This paper discusses the evolution of European Court of Human Rights case law relating to hate crime, providing an update on the most recent rulings. Approaching hate crime from a fundamental rights perspective, it shows how Member State authorities’ duty to effectively investigate the bias motivation of crimes flows from key human rights instruments, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.

http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-unmasking-bias-motives-paper_en.pdf

 

Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism – Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU.

This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering 12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.

http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-experiences-and-perceptions-of-antisemitism-survey_en.pdf

http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-experiences-and-perceptions-of-antisemitism-questionnaire_en.pdf

 

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide

This guide explains what profiling is, the legal frameworks that regulate it, and why conducting profiling lawfully is both necessary to comply with fundamental rights and crucial for effective policing and border management. The guide also provides practical guidance on how to avoid unlawful profiling in police and border management operations.

http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-preventing-unlawful-profiling-guide_en.pdf