UNHCR remains extremely concerned about the dangers many people in need of international protection face while attempting to seek safety in Europe. As of the end of September, it is estimated that almost 2,700 refugees and migrants have died at sea en route to Europe while at least another 55 are known to have died along land routes in Europe or at Europe’s borders in 2017. UNHCR continues to call for access to territory and protection for those who arrive to Europe, in addition greater access to safe and legal pathways is also needed, including via resettlement and family reunification.
Al finalizar 2016, había 65,6 millones de personas desplazadas forzosamente en todo el mundo a consecuencia de la persecución, los conflictos, la violencia o las violaciones de derechos humanos. Eso representaba un aumento de 300.000 personas respecto del año anterior, por lo que la población desplazada forzosamente en el mundo siguió en máximos históricos.
A new UNHCR report warns that discrimination, exclusion and persecution are stark realities for many of the world’s stateless minorities, and calls for immediate action to secure equal nationality rights for all. More than 75% of the world’s known stateless populations belong to minority groups, the report notes. Left unaddressed, their protracted marginalization can build resentment, increase fear and, in the most extreme cases, lead to instability, insecurity and displacement.
Los vínculos entre el cambio climático, los desastres y otras causas de desplazamiento son ahora indiscutibles. Como señala el nuevo plan estratégico quinquenal del ACNUR, el conflicto no es la única causa de los desplazamientos. Además de los graves abusos contra los derechos humanos y la mala gobernanza, las personas están «en movimiento debido a la pobreza extrema, al colapso de los medios de subsistencia tradicionales en un contexto de globalización y rápida urbanización, los efectos del cambio climático, los desastres naturales y la degradación ambiental, que a menudo agravan la competencia por los escasos recursos. Muchas veces, estos factores diversos se solapan o se refuerzan unos a otros».
More than 3.5 million refugee children aged 5 to 17 did not have the chance to attend school in the last academic year, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says in a report released today. These include some 1.5 million refugee children missing out on primary school, the report found, while 2 million refugee adolescents are not in secondary school. The report compares UNHCR sources and statistics on refugee education with data from UNESCO, the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization, on school enrolment around the world. Globally, 91 per cent of children attend primary school. For
refugees, that figure is far lower at only 61 per cent – and in low-income countries it is less than 50 per cent.
UNHCR and MSF have released reports underlining the consequences of EU migration policies restricting access to the EU. Without safe and legal access to protection, migrants are at the mercy of smugglers and pushed to risk their lives on ever more dangerous routes.
Conflict, persecution and violence newly uprooted at least 3.2 million people in the first half of last year, and low- and middle-income countries played the greatest role in sheltering the world’s displaced, a new report by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has found. In the first half of last year, 1.7 million people were newly displaced within their own country, while 1.5 million had crossed an international border, UNHCR’s Mid-Year Trends 2016 report shows.
The regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) was initiated following the large-scale population movements registered throughout Europe in 2015. During 2016, a further 347,000 refugees and migrants have arrived in Europe, in addition to the over one million refugees and migrants that undertook the perilous journey across the Mediterranean Sea in 2015. Most refugees and migrants have crossed by boat from Libya to Italy or from Turkey to Greece through the Aegean Sea. Both routes have proved more perilous during 2016 than in 2015. In 2016, 4,690 refugees and migrants died or were reported missing in the Mediterranean Sea, 25% more than in 2015. In 2017, the response to the influx of refugees and migrants required by humanitarian partners is likely to involve a longer term, planned approach, still focused on ensuring immediate assistance and protection of new arrivals, but also increasingly on cash based interventions and ensuring that accommodation conditions are adequate and safe. During 2016, the living conditions in the sites in Greece have deteriorated due to the congestion of people. These include many having specific needs, such as unaccompanied or separated children (UASC), single women, pregnant or lactating women, the elderly, people with disabilities, as well as the sick and injured. The number of children arriving remains high, 27% of the total arrivals, and the number of UASC in particular has increased during 2016, now comprising over a quarter of all children (24,135 up un- til the end of October). In this context, the response during 2017 by humanitarian partners will primarily focus on the relatively static and increasing populations in Greece and Italy. The 2017 RMRP outlines the intended operational response and financial requirements. It presents a set of measures that will enable the humanitarian community to contribute to the protection of refugees and vulnerable migrants, as well as the human rights of all people involved.
Report from UNHCR. In a report released today, the UN Refugee Agency says more than half of the 6 million school-age children under its mandate have no school to go to.