Siria

Prospects for a Deal to Stabilise Syria’s North East

Much of north-eastern Syria has been safe during the civil war. But in the event of U.S. military withdrawal, a mad scramble for control could be unleashed. Washington and Moscow should help their respective allies in Syria reach a decentralisation deal for the area.

 

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/190-prospects-for-a-deal.pdf

 

Investing in Syria’s Future Through Local Groups

As northeast Syria recovers from occupation by ISIS, there is an important opportunity to strengthen the capacity of local humanitarian groups to help the region recover. These groups work in IDP camps, in host communities, with the displaced, with residents who never left, and with IDP and refugee returnees. They provide a range of services from food distribution to health care to shelter assistance in places where many international aid organizations do not or cannot have a presence. However, these groups are significantly limited in what they can achieve due to scarce funding and lack of capacity.

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/506c8ea1e4b01d9450dd53f5/t/5b75c7670e2e722c50f6aac9/1534445415974/Third+Syria+Issue+Brief+-+Local+NGOs+-+August+2018.pdf

 

Fostering local partnerships in remote management and high-threat settings: emerging lessons from child protection programming in Syria

This study documents lessons from child protection activities focusing on psychosocial interventions in southern and central Syria that have been implemented through a partnership between an INGO and a network of Syrian organisations, using remote management modalities. It makes key recommendations to international actors, both INGOs and donors, engaged in remote programming and child protection.

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/12302.pdf

Raqqa: Avoiding Another Humanitarian Crisis

After his visit to Raqqa in northeast Syria in late January, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Mark Green highlighted efforts by the United States to facilitate Syrians’ return to the city and how U.S. support in the area helps make that possible. Raqqa is not under Syrian government control, and many donors and aid organizations are reluctant to engage in northeast Syria without explicit permission from the Assad regime. As a result, the United States has found itself largely alone as it has tried to help stabilize Raqqa and assist the local population to recover.

https://boletinderechoshumanos.files.wordpress.com/2018/06/c24c1-raqqaissuebrief-june2018.pdf

 

Syria: “War of annihilation”: Devastating toll on civilians, Raqqa – Syria

Index number: MDE 24/8367/2018. The four-month military operation carried out by the US-led Coalition to oust the Islamic State from Raqqa (Syria), killed hundreds of civilians, injured many more and destroyed much of the city. This report documents the experiences of four families whose cases are emblematic of wider patterns. Eight months on, the Coalition remains in denial about the human tragedy resulting from its military campaign. Amnesty International is urging Coalition members to promptly and impartially investigate allegations of international law violations and civilian casualties, and to provide reparation to the victims and adequate assistance for the desperately needed demining and reconstruction work.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2483672018ENGLISH.PDF

 

Keeping the Calm in Southern Syria

As the Syrian regime masses its forces to recapture the country’s south west from the opposition, another humanitarian disaster looms. The U.S., Russia and Jordan, which brokered a south-western ceasefire in 2017, should urgently extend that truce in preparation for a broader settlement.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/syria/187-keeping-calm-southern-syria

 

U.S. disengagement could jeopardize fragile stability in northeast Syria

The United States and other donors have an important opportunity to consolidate stability in northeast Syria, which has been largely liberated from the Islamic State. Hundreds of thousands of Syrians have begun to return home, but much work remains to be done with major population centers like Raqqa still riddled with explosive devices and basic services still to be restored. Actions by the Trump administration, however, threaten to unravel fragile progress on the ground.

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/506c8ea1e4b01d9450dd53f5/t/5b23d661f950b7b70c8e21fd/1529075298948/Syria+Report+-+June+2018+-+1.5++PDF.pdf

Syria: “War of annihilation”: Devastating toll on civilians, Raqqa – Syria

Index number: MDE 24/8367/2018. The four-month military operation carried out by the US-led Coalition to oust the Islamic State from Raqqa (Syria), killed hundreds of civilians, injured many more and destroyed much of the city. This report documents the experiences of four families whose cases are emblematic of wider patterns. Eight months on, the Coalition remains in denial about the human tragedy resulting from its military campaign. Amnesty International is urging Coalition members to promptly and impartially investigate allegations of international law violations and civilian casualties, and to provide reparation to the victims and adequate assistance for the desperately needed demining and reconstruction work.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2483672018ENGLISH.PDF

 

Searching for solutions: Lessons for Syria

Since the outbreak of conflict in Syria in 2011, close to half the country’s pre-war population has been displaced. In order to facilitate progress towards durable solutions for displaced populations, this review identifies lessons learned from Iraq, Colombia, Sri Lanka, Bosnia, and Kosovo to provide recommendations for operational actors working with displacement-affected communities.

http://www.internal-displacement.org/assets/publications/2018/20180321-syria-desk-review-key-findings.pdf

 

EASO COI Meeting Report Syria

On 30 November and 1 December, EASO organised a meeting for the members of EASO’s Syria COI specialists network. These are COI specialists and researchers who focus on Syria and the region. The meeting was attended by COI research specialists from 20 EU+ countries. The purpose of the meeting was to facilitate discussions among COI researchers on key issues in Syria, to update each other on recent information needs and new national products, and to discuss future joint activities. Norway and Sweden also discussed recent fact-finding missions. External experts and organisations gave presentations on recent developments and specific topics requested. This meeting report presents information from the external expert presentations and ‘question and answer’ sessions.

  • Security situation in Syria
  • Government security forces and pro-government militias in the conflict
  • Family law in Syria
  • The situation in Kurdish areas
  • UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines on the International Protection Needs of Members of Religious Minorities from Pakistan

https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/easo/PLib/Syria_COI_Meeting_Report_Nov-Dec_2017_Published_March_2018.pdf