Esta versión revisada de “Mujeres, niñas, niños y hombres. Igualdad de oportunidades para necesidades diferentes: Manual sobre cuestiones de género en la acción humanitarian” de 2006, es una guía concisa basada en las lecciones aprendidas por la comunidad humanitaria y refleja los principales retos a los que hay que hacer frente para garantizar una integración adecuada del género en la planificación y los programas humanitarios. El manual se complementa con información detallada que se actualiza periódicamente en la plataforma en línea. La revisión del manual fue llevada a cabo por el grupo de referencia de género del IASC en 2016. Fue respaldado por el IASC con el objetivo de cumplir los compromisos colectivos en materia de igualdad de género en la acción humanitaria.
(Report from Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack). In countries across the globe from Afghanistan to Colombia to India to Mali to Turkey to Yemen and on, students, teachers, and educational facilities are under siege. Targeted killings, rape, abduction, child recruitment, intimidation, threats, military occupation, and destruction of property are just some of the ways in which education is being attacked.
Between 2013 and 2017, there were more than 12,700 attacks, harming more than 21,000 students and educators in at least 70 countries. In 28 countries profiled in this report, at least 20 attacks on education occurred over the last 5 years.
Report from Jesuit Refugee Service. The response to Syrian refugees in Lebanon illustrates this need. Lebanon hosts more than one million refugees, the largest number of refugees relative to its national population in the world, but isn’t able to and has challenges providing education for all school-aged children. With the war in Syria continuing and more families needing to seek safety, this means an entire generation of children could go without education, which has consequences far beyond war and displacement.
We are examining DFID’s work in Bangladesh and Burma. This Report is the first output from that inquiry. It focuses on the culmination of decades of marginalisation and abuse of the Rohingya people of Rakhine State in northern Burma. This took the form of a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” perpetrated by the Burmese security forces over the latter half of 2017 causing the flight of over 650,500 Rohingya people into Bangladesh.
As we enter 2018, Myanmar continues to face significant humanitarian challenges related to the recent crisis in Rakhine, large-scale displacement, food insecurity, protracted problems of statelessness and discrimination, ongoing armed conflict in some parts of the country, inter-communal tensions and vulnerability to natural disasters. The situation is particularly serious in Rakhine State, where the humanitarian crisis deepened in 2017. Armed attacks on police posts and subsequent security operations by Government forces led to mass displacement, with over 600,000 people – mostly Muslims who self identify as ‘Rohingya’ – seeking refuge across the border in Bangladesh and many others being internally displaced.
In 2018, we predict that conflict will remain the main driver of humanitarian needs, while natural disasters will also cause many people to need emergency aid. Overall, more than 135 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance and protection – and more funding than ever before is required to help them. Humanitarian agencies are committed to becoming more effective, efficient and cost-effective in order to respond faster to crises and in ways more attuned to the needs of those they are trying to help. In 2018 we will undertake more comprehensive, cross-sectoral and impartial needs assessments and we will contribute to long-term solutions by partnering more closely with development agencies.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia is among the most complex and longstanding emergencies. While large-scale famine has been averted in 2017, the humanitarian impact of the drought has been devastating. More than 6.2 million people, half of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. The ongoing confl ict continues to reduce the resilience of communities, trigger displacement and impede civilians’ access to basic services and humanitarians’ access to those in need. Exclusion and discrimination of socially marginalized groups are contributing to high levels of acute humanitarian need and lack of protection among some of the most vulnerable. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhea (AWD)/cholera and measles continue to lead to preventable deaths across the country.
La crise humanitaire au Niger s’aggrave en raison notamment de la persistance de la crise sécuritaire, de l’emergence de crises multiples à Diffa, Tillabery et Tahoua. Elle reste marquée par la superposition de vulnérabilités tant chroniques qu’aiguës. L’insécurité grandissante aux frontières du Mali et une situation de déplacements prolongés dans la région de Diffa en raison des attaques de Boko Haram se produisent dans un contexte caractérisé par une pauvreté soutenue, l’insuffisance des services sociaux de base et une courbe démographique en constante progression. Le nombre de personnes dans le besoin passe à 2,3 millions, soit une augmentation de 400 000 personnes par rapport à 2017. L’analyse des besoins montre la persistance de cinq crises majeures : insécurité alimentaire, malnutrition, épidémies, inondations et mouvements de populations.
(Report from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs). As of 1 December 2016, 0.5 million people remain displaced in the north-west, while 0.63 million IDPs returned to FATA during the year. The country hosts 1.34 million registered Afghan refugees, one of the world’s largest protracted refugee caseloads. An additional 0.7 million undocumented Afghans may be vulnerable. Pakistan is prone to natural disasters, and acute malnutrition exceeds emergency levels in areas around the country.
(Report from Concern Worldwide, Welthungerhilfe, International Food Policy Research Institute). The 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) shows long-term progress in reducing hunger in the world. The advances have been uneven, however, with millions of people still experiencing chronic hunger and many places suffering acute food crises and even famine.