México

Enfrentando muros. Violaciones de los derechos de solicitantes de asilo en Estados Unidos y México

Index number: AMR 01/6426/2017. Hundreds of thousands of people flee extreme violence in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala each year and seek asylum in Mexico and the United States. This briefing analyses the harsh effect that President Donald Trump’s Executive Order on border security will have on these people, as well as the complicit role that the Mexican government plays in pushing people back to danger. Beyond a physical wall, there are a number of inhumane walls that exist and violate international law, including increasing detention of asylum seekers and families, and violations of the non-refoulement principle that effectively return helpless people to life threatening situations.

Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017SPANISH.PDF

Informe en inglés: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017ENGLISH.PDF

A Revolving Door No More? A Statistical Profile of Mexican Adults Repatriated from the United States

The revolving door of return migration is slowing significantly for Mexican adults deported or voluntarily returned by the U.S. government, with the number intending to attempt re-entry dropping 80 percent between 2005 and 2015. Drawing from an official survey of Mexican returnees, this report explores the years of residence repatriated Mexican adults spent in the United States, time in detention, and minor children left behind.

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/RevolvingDoor-Mexico-FINAL.pdf

 

Advances in U.S.-Mexico Border Enforcement: A Review of the Consequence Delivery System

In its first systematic attempt to track the effectiveness of different removal and enforcement strategies that migrants face after being apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border, the Border Patrol in fiscal 2011 launched the Consequence Delivery System (CDS). This report examines the strengths and limitations of CDS, and finds that as stricter measures have been implemented, attempted re-entries have fallen.

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/ConsequenceDelivery-Report-FINAL.PDF

 

Veracruz: Reformar el estado de terror mexicano

El tercer estado más poblado de México ha sufrido una ola de violencia sin precedentes. El nuevo gobernador de Veracruz debe cumplir sus promesas de acabar la colusión estado-crimen y la impunidad. Se necesitará un fuerte apoyo internacional para encontrar los cuerpos de los desaparecidos y transformar la policía y la legislatura estatal.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/061-veracruz-fixing-mexicos-state-of-terror-spanish.pdf

 

Surviving death: police and military torture of women in mexico

Torture is widespread in Mexico’s “war on drugs”, but the impact on women has been largely ignored or downplayed. This report analyses the stories of 100 women who have reported torture and other forms of violence during arrest and interrogation by police and armed forces. Severe beatings; threats of rape against women and their families; near-asphyxiation, electric shocks to the genitals; groping of breasts and pinching of nipples; rape with objects, fingers, firearms and the penis – these are just some of the forms of violence inflicted on women, in many cases with the intention of getting them to “confess” to serious crimes.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4142372016ENGLISH.PDF

 

Migrantes en México – Vulnerabilidad y Riesgos

México recibe importantes flujos de migrantes en tránsito, que en su mayoría tienen como destino final os Estados Unidos de América, y de migrantes temporales y transfronterizos. Este estudio explora su vulnerabilidad y exposición a la violencia y violaciones a sus derechos humanos, así como a desastres causados por fenómenos ambientales.

http://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/micic_mexico_1.pdf

 

Closed Doors. Mexico’s Failure to Protect Central American Refugee and Migrant Children

The report, “Closed Doors: Mexico’s Failure to Protect Central American Refugee and Migrant Children,” documents wide discrepancies between Mexican law and practice. By law, Mexico offers protection to those who face risks to their lives or safety if returned to their countries of origin. But less than 1 percent of children who are apprehended by Mexican immigration authorities are recognized as refugees, according to Mexican government data.

https://www.hrw.org/report/2016/03/31/closed-doors/mexicos-failure-protect-central-american-refugee-and-migrant-children

 

Situación de derechos humanos en México.

La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) publica hoy este informe basado en la observación realizada durante la visita que tuvo lugar del 28 de septiembre al 2 de octubre de 2015, así como otras visitas de la CIDH y de sus Relatorías Temáticas, en el monitoreo que la Comisión realiza en cumplimiento de su mandato y a través de la utilización de los diversos mecanismos a su alcance, tales como audiencias, procesamiento de medidas cautelares, peticiones y casos. El informe analiza la grave crisis de derechos humanos que atraviesa México, con particular énfasis en desapariciones y desapariciones forzadas, ejecuciones extrajudiciales, tortura, así como la situación de inseguridad ciudadana, el acceso a la justicia e impunidad.

http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/informes/pdfs/Mexico2016-es.pdf

México: Un trato de indolencia: La respuesta del Estado frente a la desaparición de personas en México

Index number: AMR 41/3150/2016. En México las autoridades parecen incapaces de dar respuestas sólidas e institucionales que estén encaminadas a encontrar la verdad y lograr justicia y reparación para las más de 27,000 personas desaparecidas. Amnistía Internacional ha documentado las deficiencias del Estado para buscar a las personas que han sido desaparecidas y a conducir investigaciones efectivas que lleven a la identificación y sanción de los responsables. En este documento, Amnistía Internacional analiza el caso de la desaparición forzada de 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa, y la crisis de desapariciones en Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, en el estado de Chihuahua.
https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4131502016SPANISH.PDF

Paper promises, daily impunity. mexico’s torture epidemic continues

One year on from the publication of Amnesty International´s report Out of control: Torture and other ill-treatment in Mexico, torture practices persist in Mexico and the number of complaints received by federal authorities has increased. The government has committed to prevent and punish torture, although its promise has yet to translate into a change in people’s lives, including bringing perpetrators to justice and granting full reparation to victims. A bill for a General Law currently before Congress needs to tackle the impunity around torture. Without proper design, monitoring and implementation, it will
only enshrine existing problems. Amnesty International calls on the Mexican government to take urgent action to eradicate torture and ensure that state doctors, forensic experts and public prosecutors stop turning a blind eye to this widespread phenomenon.
https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4126762015ENGLISH.PDF (english)
https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4126762015SPANISH.PDF (español)