Country policy and information note (last updated).
The “‘It’s a Men’s Club’: Discrimination Against Women in Iran’s Job Market,” examines in detail the discriminatory provisions and insufficient protections in Iran’s legal system that represent obstacles to women’s equal access to the job market. Over the past four decades, Iranian women have become half of the country’s university graduates. But, based on the most recent official statistics available, for the period between March 2016 and March 2017, only 14.9 percent of Iran’s women are in the workforce, compared with 64.1 percent of men. This rate is lower than the average of 20 percent for all women in the Middle East and North Africa. The unemployment rate for women, currently 20.7 percent, is double that for men.
The presidential election in Iran is scheduled for 19 May 2017. Since its establishment in 1979, the Islamic Republic of Iran has regularly organised parliamentary and presidential elections, but these polls have regularly failed to meet international standards to be free, fair, and credible. This Q&A document seeks to answer some of the most pressing questions related to the upcoming election.
The prohibition of independent peaceful gatherings in Iran during Labour Day this year – as in 2016 – was once again a clear example of the ongoing repression and harassment of trade unionists and workers in Iran. This repression is part of a systematic denial of the most basic rights of workers in Iran, who are subjected to discriminatory and politically motivated laws and a judicial system that is set to silence independent labour movements and other dissidents.
Country Policy and Information Note. Publisher United Kingdom: Home Office.
The one-year-old Iran nuclear deal has succeeded in its goal of blocking nuclear proliferation and opening the door to Iranian economic recovery. But it remains in jeopardy unless both Washington and Tehran defend and extend the spirit as well as the letter of the accord.
New frictions in Iraq and Syria threaten Ankara and Tehran’s usually peaceful management of their Middle East rivalries. To rebuild trust and avert open conflict, they should coordinate de-escalation, exchange intelligence and designate representatives to open a new channel between their leaders.
Index number: MDE 13/5079/2016. On 2 August 2016, 25 Sunni men were executed in Iran for the vaguely worded crime of “enmity against God” without their families being notified. The authorities issued statements that attributed to the men a range of criminal activities and aired “confession” videos seemingly intended to dehumanize them. Amnesty International’s research shows that Iran’s justice system blatantly violated the men’s right to a fair trial, including their rights to access a lawyer, not to be subjected to torture and other ill-treatment, to remain silent, to have their cases heard in public hearings, and to have a meaningful review of their sentences.
Amnesty International’s report, Health taken hostage: Cruel denial of medical care in Iran’s prisons, provides a grim snapshot of health care in the country’s prisons and illustrates the way that the Iranian authorities are callously toying with the lives of prisoners of conscience and other political prisoners. It presents strong evidence that the judiciary, in particular the Office of the Prosecutor, and prison administrations deliberately prevent access to adequate medical care, in many cases as an intentional act of cruelty intended to intimidate, punish or humiliate political prisoners, or to extract forced “confessions” or statements of “repentance” from them.
Index number: MDE 13/2708/2016. In June 2015, a much anticipated new Code of Criminal Procedure, which had been in the making for almost a decade, came into force. The new Code is an improvement on the old one and introduces several long overdue reforms that, if implemented properly, could provide accused persons with increased fair trial safeguards. However, the report exposes that the Code has failed to tackle many of the major shortcomings in Iran’s criminal justice system. They include the lack of adequate legal safeguards to guarantee the range of rights required to ensure fair trials, such as protection against torture and other ill-treatment, access to a lawyer from the time of arrest, and an enforceable right to remedy and reparation.