Asia Report N°291. Thailand’s Malay-Muslim society overwhelmingly rejects transnational jihadism, but the country’s vulnerable south is a potential seedbed for advocates of violence. Bangkok and the main militant separatist organisation can head off any jihadist expansion in South East Asia by energising peace talks and agreeing on a more decentralised political system.
(28/07(2017). (Report from International Labour Organization (ILO)). Labour migration has been an important factor supporting the growth and development of the South-East Asian region, filling labour shortages in countries of destination and providing much needed employment opportunities for workers in countries of origin. However, in spite of the vital role women and men migrant workers play in increasing the region’s labour market efficiency, they are often subjected to abuses during recruitment and employment and are unable to make use of the social protection benefits to which they are entitled.
Thailand’s worsening human rights record will expose the military junta to further international embarrassment during a review by a United Nations (UN) human rights body, FIDH and its member organizations Union for Civil Liberty (UCL) and Internet Law Reform Dialogue (iLaw) said today.
Thailand will be examined by the UN Human Rights Committee (CCPR) on 13-14 March 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland. The CCPR monitors Thailand’s compliance with its legal obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). In conjunction with Thailand’ s review, FIDH, UCL, and iLaw release “Under siege – Violations of civil and political rights under Thailand’s military junta”, a report that documents how military rule has had a wide-ranging, negative impact on the country’s human rights situation since the 22 May 2014 coup d’état.
Index number: ASA 39/5514/2017. Civil society has been at the forefront of efforts to defend human rights following the May 2014 military coup in Thailand. In response, Thai authorities have targeted political activists, human rights defenders and others as part of a systematic crackdown on government critics. This briefing illustrates cases of human rights defenders, activists, lawyers and others targeted for exercising their right to freedom of expression, freedom of association and peaceful participation.
A year and a half ago, thousands of desperate Rohingya and Bangladeshi migrants and asylum-seekers were abandoned at sea, shocking and horrifying many around the world. But more than a year later, little has changed. Governments and international agencies have fulfilled few promises to better protect Rohingya who, facing persecution in Myanmar, have seen flight as their only survival option. Rohingya asylum-seekers in Malaysia and Thailand, including many women and children who survived the May 2015 boat crisis, continue to face the threat of detention and restricted access to the most basic human rights, including to livelihoods, healthcare, and education. As tensions flare once again within Myanmar, the possibility of another boat crisis remains real, but whether international reaction would be different remains unclear. It is time for regional governments and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) to act.
In Thailand, senior government officials have declared their commitment to ending the use of torture. Nevertheless, Amnesty International has found, through a two year investigation, that torture remains shockingly common. This report describes the findings of a two year investigation by Amnesty International into the use of torture and other ill treatment by Thai authorities. It identifies the legal and institutional failures that facilitate torture and other ill-treatment in Thailand and offers recommendations to such abuses once and for all.
El 7 de agosto de 2016, la ciudadanía tailandesa votará en un referéndum en el que se decidirá si el proyecto de Constitución respaldado por la junta militar de Tailandia, el Consejo Nacional para la Paz y el Orden (CNPO), se convertirá en la vigésima carta del país desde 1932. El informe de la FIDH y la UCL, titulado “Roadblock to democracy – Military repression and Thailand’s draft constitution” [Los obstáculos a la democracia – La represión militar y el borrador de Constitución en Tailandia], documenta el opresivo contexto en el que el CNPO orquestó el proceso de redacción del borrador de Constitución y analiza las disposiciones más problemáticas y regresivas del proyecto de carta. A partir de este análisis, el informe concluye que, de aprobarse el borrador en este referéndum, es muy probable que esta Constitución cause una mayor inestabilidad política, ya que amplía los poderes de instituciones politizadas y antidemocráticas, al tiempo que debilita el poder de los Gobiernos electos en el futuro.
Asia Report N°274. On 6 September 2015, a reform council appointed by Thailand’s military-run administration, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), rejected a constitution prepared by a drafting committee it had itself appointed. With the draft scuppered, the military regime extended its tenure by at least seven months, backtracking on the roadmap to “fully-functioning democracy” it announced after the May 2014 coup and delaying a general election until mid-2017. Passage to a general election, including a new constitution subject to a national referendum, has started over. The process is unfolding against a backdrop of impending royal succession, a faltering economy and continuing political and social polarisation that military rule has failed to ease. The regime’s autocratic bent and evident determination to oversee the succession preclude an inclusive national dialogue on a political order rooted in popular sovereignty that protects the rights of all.
The 25-page report, “Stateless at Sea: The Moken of Burma and Thailand,” describes in words and photographs serious violations of the rights of the Moken by state authorities – particularly the Burmese navy – including extortion, bribery, arbitrary arrest, and confiscation of property. Human Rights Watch also examines tightening immigration and maritime conservation laws that threaten their freedom of movement and traditional lifestyle. Most Moken are stateless, making them extremely vulnerable to human rights abuse and depriving them of access to medical care, education, and employment opportunities.
(16/12/2014). This 32-page report describes 16 years of failure by Thailand’s Pollution Control Department and public health authorities to prevent further exposure to lead among the village’s ethnic Karen residents. A 12-minute video accompanying the report highlights serious health and environmental damage caused by a now-defunct lead processing factory, as well as the efforts by local residents to seek justice. Many residents of Lower Klity Creek village suffer the symptoms of chronic lead poisoning, such as abdominal pain, headaches, fatigue, and mood changes. Some children have been born with severe intellectual and developmental disabilities.