Searching for solutions: Lessons for Syria

Since the outbreak of conflict in Syria in 2011, close to half the country’s pre-war population has been displaced. In order to facilitate progress towards durable solutions for displaced populations, this review identifies lessons learned from Iraq, Colombia, Sri Lanka, Bosnia, and Kosovo to provide recommendations for operational actors working with displacement-affected communities.


EASO COI Meeting Report Syria

On 30 November and 1 December, EASO organised a meeting for the members of EASO’s Syria COI specialists network. These are COI specialists and researchers who focus on Syria and the region. The meeting was attended by COI research specialists from 20 EU+ countries. The purpose of the meeting was to facilitate discussions among COI researchers on key issues in Syria, to update each other on recent information needs and new national products, and to discuss future joint activities. Norway and Sweden also discussed recent fact-finding missions. External experts and organisations gave presentations on recent developments and specific topics requested. This meeting report presents information from the external expert presentations and ‘question and answer’ sessions.

  • Security situation in Syria
  • Government security forces and pro-government militias in the conflict
  • Family law in Syria
  • The situation in Kurdish areas
  • UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines on the International Protection Needs of Members of Religious Minorities from Pakistan



Averting Disaster in Syria’s Idlib Province

An imminent military showdown in Idlib with disastrous human costs can be avoided only if Turkey strikes a deal between Russia, on one hand, and militants, on the other, and deploys its forces along the front lines to deter an escalation.


Israel, Hizbollah and Iran: Preventing Another War in Syria

Facts on the ground in Syria are defining the contours of the country’s political future and also the geography of a looming clash between Israel, Hizbollah and other Iran-allied militias. Russia should broker understandings to prevent a new front from opening.


Dangerous ground – Syria’s refugees face an uncertain future

The conflict in Syria, now approaching its eighth year, has resulted in the displacement of half the pre-war population; more than six million people are displaced within the country, more than five million are refugees in neighbouring countries, and a million have fled to Europe.—syrias-refugees-face-an-uncertain-future/dangerous-ground—syrian-refugees-face-an-uncertain-future.pdf


Holding the keys: humanitarian access and local organisations.

This report explores whether local actors in Ukraine and Syria obtain access, and if they do, how they negotiate such access to conduct relief and protection operations. It also reflects more broadly on how local knowledge on access can be better harnessed to serve those in need.


Syria: ‘we leave or we die’: forced displacement under Syria’s ‘reconciliation’ agreements

Local agreements have increasingly become one of the Syrian government’s key strategies to force the opposition’s surrender. The agreements are presented by the government and its allies as a “reconciliation” effort, but, in reality, they come after prolonged unlawful sieges and bombardment and typically result not only in the evacuation of members of non-state armed groups but also in the mass displacement of civilians. In essence, the deals have enabled the government to reclaim control of territory by first starving and then removing inhabitants who rejected its rule. The population transfers on the now-infamous green buses have come to symbolise the dispossession and defeat.

“Everywhere the bombing followed us”. Forced displacement and the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. Perspectives of Syrian women refugees in Lebanon

The report confirms that the use of explosive weapons in populated areas in Syria is an overriding factor in the forced displacement of population. It highlights that the use of explosive weapons in populated areas drives multiple forced displacements and induces a pattern of displacement which increased the vulnerability of civilians.

Through this report, Handicap international gives a voice to forcibly displaced Syrians and calls on the international community and parties to the conflict in Syria to end the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.


“These are the Crimes we are Fleeing”. Justice for Syria in Swedish and German Courts

This report outlines efforts in Sweden and Germany to investigate and prosecute people implicated in war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide in Syria. Drawing on interviews with 50 officials and practitioners working on these cases and 45 Syrian refugees in the two countries, Human Rights Watch documented the difficulties German and Swedish investigators and prosecutors face in taking up these types of cases, and the experience of refugees and asylum seekers with the authorities.