Nigerian elections are high-stakes affairs often marred by street clashes and worse. As the 2019 contests approach, the risk of disturbances is particularly high in six states. The government and its foreign partners can limit campaign-related violence by enhancing security and promoting dialogue among rivals.
Index number: AFR 44/9503/2018. This report documents the violent clashes between members of farmer communities and members of herder communities in parts of Nigeria, particularly in the northern parts of the country, over access to resources: water, land and pasture. It also documents the failure of the Nigerian government in fulfilling its constitutional responsibility of protection of lives and property by refusing to investigate, arrest and prosecute perpetrators of attacks. The report shows how government’s inaction fuels impunity, resulting in attacks and reprisal attacks, with at least 3,641 people killed between January 2016 and October 2018, 57 percent of them in 2018 alone.
Index number: AFR 44/9481/2018. Since 2009, Northeast Nigeria has been the scene of an armed conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian security forces, with serious violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law committed on both sides. This report critically assesses the International Criminal Court’s Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) eight-year long preliminary examination into alleged crimes committed in the context of the conflict in northeast Nigeria and the government’s failure to investigate and prosecute alleged perpetrators of crimes under international law. Amnesty International calls on the OTP to open a formal investigation in Nigeria.
The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published four Country of Origin Information (COI) Reports on Nigeria: Security Situation, Actors of Protection, Targeting Individuals, and Key Socio-economic indicators. The reports provide information relevant for the protection status determination of Nigerian asylum seekers.
Índice: AFR 44/9122/2018. Las mujeres internamente desplazadas en el nordeste de Nigeria han sufrido a manos del ejército nigeriano violencia y abusos que constituyen crímenes de guerra y posibles crímenes contra la humanidad. Estas mujeres reclaman justicia, rendición de cuentas y el final de estos abusos. Quieren poder alimentar a sus familias; quieren reunirse con sus esposos y otros hombres de su familia; quieren estar a salvo.
The increasingly long-term and intractable nature of displacement, particularly for people in low and middle-income countries, means that camp settings are not a viable option in the long term. In the 21st century urban centres have increasingly become destinations for internally displaced people. This is not a new phenomenon, but its real scale at regional and global levels is not known. We also know little about the extent to which cities provide safe havens for those internally displaced and the degree to which they are able to establish new urban lives. And we have only limited insights into how displacement shapes urban systems as well as the way displacement risk is generated within cities. Our new thematic series seeks to fill the information gap by exploring the scale, nature, and dynamics of urban internal displacement across the world from the perspective of both internally displaced people and that of the cities they flee to.
Research agenda and call for partners:
City of flight: new and secondary displacements in Mogadishu, Somalia:
City of challenge and opportunity – Employment and livelihoods for internally displaced people in Maiduguri, Borno State (Nigeria):
Index number: AFR 44/9290/2018. Survivors of forced evictions in Lagos, south west Nigeria are homeless and without livelihoods. They are the urban poor whose rights to adequate and affordable housing has been strangled by a mega city project. These people want to return to their homes; they want their means of livelihood back. The Lagos State authorities have failed to provide residents of Otodo-Gbame with alternative housing and/or compensation for the loss and/or damage to property caused by the forced evictions. They have also not provided any relief or rehabilitation for those who lost their livelihoods.
Report Nº 262 / Africa. Rising conflict between herders and farmers in Nigeria is already six times deadlier in 2018 than Boko Haram’s insurgency. To stop the bloodshed, the federal government should improve security; end impunity for assailants; and hasten livestock sector reform. State governments should freeze open grazing bans.
Since early 2015, the Nigerian military has recaptured vast swathes of territory that had come under the control of Boko Haram in the north-east of the country. However, instead of “freeing” hundreds of thousands of people who had been trapped in these areas, the military has carried out systematic patterns of violence and abuse against this population, including war crimes and possible crimes against humanity. This report examines what happened to the group of people who fled or were forced from rural towns and villages that had been controlled by Boko Haram, as the military intensified its operations.
Four years after the abductions in Chibok, and months after more kidnappings in Dapchi, over 100 schoolgirls are still missing. Nigeria must act to make schools safe – beefing up security, learning from past mistakes and, ultimately, working to end the Boko Haram insurgency.