On the morning of August 30, 2017, hundreds of uniformed Burmese soldiers arrived in the village of Tula Toli, in northern Rakhine State, where they carried out a brutal and systematic attack of killings, rape, and arson against the Rohingya Muslim villagers. The massacre at Tula Toli came days after coordinated attacks on police posts by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA). Following those attacks, the Burmese military launched a largescale campaign of ethnic cleansing, forcing more than 645,000 Rohingya to flee across the border to Bangladesh.
Massacre by the River details the Burmese army’s attack on Tula Toli, based on in-depth interviews with 18 Rohingya survivors conducted in refugee camps in Bangladesh. The report reveals strong evidence of military planning: soldiers rapidly confined villagers on the riverbank, separated men and women, executed the men, and rounded-up groups of women and girls in nearby houses to be raped and killed. Analysis of satellite imagery confirms the village was completely destroyed by arson. The documented abuses contribute to Human Rights Watch’s conclusion that the Burmese military’s atrocities against Rohingya amount to crimes against humanity.
The mass flight of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar’s Rakhine State has created a humanitarian catastrophe and serious security risks, including potential cross-border militant attacks. The international community should press the Myanmar government to urgently implement the Annan commission’s proposals, including as regards discrimination, segregation and citizenship.
As we enter 2018, Myanmar continues to face significant humanitarian challenges related to the recent crisis in Rakhine, large-scale displacement, food insecurity, protracted problems of statelessness and discrimination, ongoing armed conflict in some parts of the country, inter-communal tensions and vulnerability to natural disasters. The situation is particularly serious in Rakhine State, where the humanitarian crisis deepened in 2017. Armed attacks on police posts and subsequent security operations by Government forces led to mass displacement, with over 600,000 people – mostly Muslims who self identify as ‘Rohingya’ – seeking refuge across the border in Bangladesh and many others being internally displaced.
The situation for Myanmar’s Rohingya minority has deteriorated dramatically since August 2017, when the military unleashed a brutal campaign of violence against the population living in the northern parts of Rakhine State, where the majority of Rohingya normally live. This report maps in detail the violations, in particular discrimination and racially-based restrictions in law, policy and practice that Rohingya living in Rakhine State have faced for decades, and how these have intensified since 2012, following waves of violence between Muslims and Buddhists, often supported by security forces.
This report documents the Burmese military’s gang rape of Rohingya women and girls and further acts of violence, cruelty, and humiliation. Many women described witnessing the murders of their young children, spouses, and parents. Rape survivors reported days of agony walking with swollen and torn genitals while fleeing to Bangladesh.
Hay una crisis humanitaria que está creciendo rápidamente y que pide a gritos una mayor atención. Desde el pasado 25 de agosto, más de medio millón de refugiados rohingya han huido de la terrible violencia en Myanmar, cruzando la frontera con Bangladesh. Decenas de miles de personas están viviendo en tiendas de campaña y otros refugios temporales, expuestos a enfermedades y enfrentándose a un futuro incierto. Cerca del 60% de los refugiados son menores y el 21% de los niños menores de cinco años sufre desnutrición. Muchos de ellos se han visto separados de sus familias o han huido solos. Todos ellos han sufrido una pérdida tremenda. Esta es una crisis humanitaria en todas sus dimensiones. Para cada niño, supone una catástrofe.
Index number: ASA 16/7288/2017. Early in the morning of 25 August 2017, members of a Rohingya armed group, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, attacked approximately 30 security force outposts in northern Rakhine State. In its response, the Myanmar Army launched an attack on the Rohingya population in northern Rakhine State as a whole. Often working with Border Guard Police and local vigilantes, the military has carried out a campaign of violence that has been systematic, organized and ruthless. This briefing shows that the Myanmar military has killed hundreds of Rohingya women, men and children; raped women and girls; and carried out targeted burning of entire villages.
Following the violent expulsion of some 400,000 Rohingya in Myanmar in the course of three weeks (now more than 500,000), Refugees International (RI) President Eric Schwartz and Senior Advocate for Human Rights Daniel Sullivan traveled to Bangladesh to assess the situation and bear witness. This policy brief is based on that mission, which involved interviews with Rohingya refugees who recently arrived from Myanmar as well as with United Nations and Bangladesh government officials and international aid workers in Bangladesh.
Myanmar may soon face a land conflict epidemic as a result of the growing influx of investments and the consequent demand for land, unless laws and policies that adequately address land rights issues are urgently adopted and implemented, FIDH warned in a new report published today.
Report Nº 290 / Asia. Extreme Buddhist nationalist positions including hate speech and violence are on the rise in Myanmar. Rather than ineffective bans on broad-based groups like the Association for the Protection of Race and Religion (MaBaTha), the government should address underlying causes and reframe the debate on Buddhism’s place in society and politics.