Myanmar

Marginados y desesperados. Los niños refugiados rohingya afrontan un peligroso futuro

Hay una crisis humanitaria que está creciendo rápidamente y que pide a gritos una mayor atención. Desde el pasado 25 de agosto, más de medio millón de refugiados rohingya han huido de la terrible violencia en Myanmar, cruzando la frontera con Bangladesh. Decenas de miles de personas están viviendo en tiendas de campaña y otros refugios temporales, expuestos a enfermedades y enfrentándose a un futuro incierto. Cerca del 60% de los refugiados son menores y el 21% de los niños menores de cinco años sufre desnutrición. Muchos de ellos se han visto separados de sus familias o han huido solos. Todos ellos han sufrido una pérdida tremenda. Esta es una crisis humanitaria en todas sus dimensiones. Para cada niño, supone una catástrofe.

https://www.unicef.es/sites/unicef.es/files/comunicacion/UNICEF_Child_Alert_Ninos_Rohingya_2.pdf

Myanmar: “My world is finished”. Rohingya targeted in crimes against humanity in Myanmar

Index number: ASA 16/7288/2017. Early in the morning of 25 August 2017, members of a Rohingya armed group, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, attacked approximately 30 security force outposts in northern Rakhine State. In its response, the Myanmar Army launched an attack on the Rohingya population in northern Rakhine State as a whole. Often working with Border Guard Police and local vigilantes, the military has carried out a campaign of violence that has been systematic, organized and ruthless. This briefing shows that the Myanmar military has killed hundreds of Rohingya women, men and children; raped women and girls; and carried out targeted burning of entire villages.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA1672882017ENGLISH.PDF

Bearing Witness to Crimes Against Humanity

Following the violent expulsion of some 400,000 Rohingya in Myanmar in the course of three weeks (now more than 500,000), Refugees International (RI) President Eric Schwartz and Senior Advocate for Human Rights Daniel Sullivan traveled to Bangladesh to assess the situation and bear witness. This policy brief is based on that mission, which involved interviews with Rohingya refugees who recently arrived from Myanmar as well as with United Nations and Bangladesh government officials and international aid workers in Bangladesh.

https://boletinderechoshumanos.files.wordpress.com/2017/10/459cf-myanmarpolicybriefoctober2017.pdf

 

LAND OF SORROW. Human rights violations at Myanmar’s Myotha Industrial Park

Myanmar may soon face a land conflict epidemic as a result of the growing influx of investments and the consequent demand for land, unless laws and policies that adequately address land rights issues are urgently adopted and implemented, FIDH warned in a new report published today.

https://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/fidh_report_-_land_of_sorrow__human_rights_violations_at_myanmar_s_myotha_industrial_park.pdf

Buddhism and State Power in Myanmar

Report Nº 290 / Asia. Extreme Buddhist nationalist positions including hate speech and violence are on the rise in Myanmar. Rather than ineffective bans on broad-based groups like the Association for the Protection of Race and Religion (MaBaTha), the government should address underlying causes and reframe the debate on Buddhism’s place in society and politics.

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/290-buddhism-and-state-power-in-myanmar_0.pdf

 

Access to justice for migrant workers in South-East Asia.

(28/07(2017). (Report from International Labour Organization (ILO)). Labour migration has been an important factor supporting the growth and development of the South-East Asian region, filling labour shortages in countries of destination and providing much needed employment opportunities for workers in countries of origin. However, in spite of the vital role women and men migrant workers play in increasing the region’s labour market efficiency, they are often subjected to abuses during recruitment and employment and are unable to make use of the social protection benefits to which they are entitled.

http://www.refworld.org/docid/597aec374.html 

Building Critical Mass for Peace in Myanmar

Despite important progress at the 24-29 May 2017 round of peace talks, the path toward a negotiated end to Myanmar’s conflicts remains fraught with difficulties. All sides must redouble their engagement to broaden armed groups’ participation in the talks, and improve the implementation of the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/file/4919/download?token=BU_V7M3c

Myanmar: “All the civilians suffer”: Conflict, displacement, and abuse in northern Myanmar

Index number: ASA 16/6429/2017. Over the last seven months, fighting has intensified between the Myanmar Army and ethnic armed groups in Kachin and northern Shan States, areas with longrunning conflicts as ethnic minorities have sought greater autonomy and respect for their rights. This report documents war crimes and other human rights violations by the Myanmar Army, including extrajudicial executions, torture, forced labour, and indiscriminate shelling. Most victims are civilians from ethnic minorities in the region, continuing a legacy of abuse that has rarely led to accountability for the soldiers or commanders responsible.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA1664292017ENGLISH.PDF

Mountain of trouble: Human Rights abuses continue at Myanmar’s Letpadaung mine

Index number: ASA 16/5564/2017. This briefing examines the current human rights situation at Myanmar’s largest copper mine, the Letpadaung mine. The operating company, a subsidiary of China’s Wanbao Mining, intends to extend the mine’s perimeter, putting hundreds of people at risk of forced eviction from their homes and farmland. The company has also failed to undertake an adequate environmental assessment of the mine, putting the safety of the neighbouring communities at risk. The risks are extremely serious as the giant mine is in a region prone to both earthquakes and floods. If either of these strike the mine, they could result in contaminated waste spreading into the surrounding environment with catastrophic results. In addition, the Myanmar authorities continue to use repressive laws to harass villagers who protest against Letpadaung and the nearby S&K mine.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA1655642017ENGLISH.PDF

Myanmar: “we are at breaking point” – rohingya: persecuted in Myanmar, neglected in Bangladesh

This report documents a campaign of violence by the Myanmar security forces against Rohingya since 9 October 2016. Soldiers and police have randomly fired on and killed civilians, raped women and girls, torched whole villages and arbitrarily arrested Rohingya men without any information about their whereabouts or charges. These actions have been a form of collective punishment targeting Rohingya in northern Rakhine state, and may amount to crimes against humanity.

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA1653622016ENGLISH.PDF