Index number: AMR 41/8465/2018. Amnesty International prepared the following submission to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women prior to its review of the Ninth Periodic Report submitted by Mexico under Article 18 of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women. This document sets out Amnesty International’s concerns regarding the Mexican state’s failure to comply with the Concluding observations of the Committee on the combined seventh and eighth periodic reports in relation to violence against women.
Índice: AMR 41/8372/2018. Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made to Mexico in its previous Universal Periodic Review (UPR), provides input for the UPR that Mexico will undergo in 2018. Topics cover by the submission include public security, the criminal justice system, torture and ill-treatment, enforced disappearances, and human rights defenders and journalists. The organization concludes that despite some progress, most of the recommendations assessed have still to be fully implemented.
Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4183722018SPANISH.PDF
Mexico stops hundreds of thousands of Central Americans fleeing northward to the U.S. Many are deported, and many more are stuck in the country’s south, vulnerable to crime and rising xenophobia. With U.S. and European help, Mexico should work harder to protect migrants and foster economic development.
According to findings from this Refugees International (RI) report, both the United States and Mexico are deporting individuals with significant protection needs back to Honduras and El Salvador – the countries from which they fled. The report, Putting Lives at Risk: Protection Failures Affecting Hondurans and Salvadorans Deported from the United States and Mexico, finds that the protection process at every stage – from the processing of an asylum application to deportation and reintegration into the country of origin – suffers from serious failures that ultimately put lives at risk. The RI research also found that despite important investments in reception services for deportees, both Honduras and El Salvador have weak protection systems.
Mexico is witnessing a hidden refugee crisis on its doorstep. Citizens from nearby countries who formerly left Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador and passed through Mexico in search of economic opportunities have for a number of years been leaving their countries due to fear for their lives and personal liberty. This briefing demonstrates that the Mexican government is routinely failing in its treaty obligations under international law to protect those who are in need of international protection, as well as repeatedly violating the non-refoulement principle, a binding pillar of international law that prohibits the return of people to life-threatening situations.
Although immigrant workers have long been employed on U.S. farms, shifting migration patterns and employer labor strategies are reshaping the agricultural workforce. Migration from Mexico to the United States has slowed with the the 2008–09 recession, improving conditions in rural Mexico, and stepped-up border enforcement.
(Julio 2017). This report draws on previously unpublished data from Mexican government agencies, interviews with key officials, and accounts from civil society to examine the legal framework for the protection of child migrants in Mexico, its implementation, and the gaps between the two during the apprehension, screening, and housing process. Despite a legal framework that emphasizes the best-interests-of-the-child principle and has a generous definition of who qualifies for refugee status, the author highlights a number of areas where further progress is needed if young migrants are to be adequately screened for international protection needs, housed in age-appropriate facilities, and informed of their right to apply for asylum.
In this report, Amnesty International researched the way in which arrests by police forces in Mexico occur, specifically, when the authorities alleged that they arrest a person in flagrante delicto; that is, at the time when a crime was being committed. We found that, in Mexico, the arrests of people who were allegedly committing a crime at the time of the arrest, do not serve as a genuine response to the crimes being committed in the country, but are used by the authorities illegally, mainly against those who face historical situations of discrimination, with a worrying impact on young men living in poverty.
Index number: AMR 01/6426/2017. Hundreds of thousands of people flee extreme violence in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala each year and seek asylum in Mexico and the United States. This briefing analyses the harsh effect that President Donald Trump’s Executive Order on border security will have on these people, as well as the complicit role that the Mexican government plays in pushing people back to danger. Beyond a physical wall, there are a number of inhumane walls that exist and violate international law, including increasing detention of asylum seekers and families, and violations of the non-refoulement principle that effectively return helpless people to life threatening situations.
Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017SPANISH.PDF
Informe en inglés: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR0164262017ENGLISH.PDF