The updated AIDA Country Report on Italy documents developments in the asylum procedure, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and content of international protection throughout 2017. The year 2017 has been chatacterised by media, political and judicial crackdown on non-governmental organisations (NGOs) saving lives at sea, and by the implementation of cooperation agreements with African countries such as Libya, while barriers to access to the territory have also been witnessed at the northern borders of the country, against the backdrop of increasing arrivals from Austria.
In a report published today on its periodic visit to Italy (8-21 April 2016), the Council of Europe’s Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) raises its concerns over allegations of physical ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty by law enforcement agencies or in prisons. Moreover, persons in police custody do not always benefit from the safeguards afforded them by law.
https://rm.coe.int/pdf/16807412c3 (resumen ejecutivo)
Forum réfugiés – Cosi has published a report documenting barriers to access to the procedure and information on the French-Italian border, following a field visit held on 13-15 March 2017.
Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay. Despite steady decrease in previous years, detention practices are increasingly resorted to, not least under the EU’s hotspot approach. Italy has recently committed to reactivate existing and create additional Identification and Expulsion Centres (CIE) across the territory, as well as issuing detention instructions targeting specific nationalities such as Nigerians. At the same time, Italy has introduced reforms to curtail crucial rights in the asylum procedure by abolishing the Court of Appeal as a second judicial instance in asylum cases, while restricting the possibility for an applicant to be heard by the court.
Los niños y las mujeres refugiados y migrantes son víctimas sistemáticas de la violencia sexual, la explotación, el abuso y la detención a lo largo de la ruta de la migración del Mediterráneo central que les lleva desde el norte de África hasta Italia, según advierte UNICEF en un nuevo informe. “Una travesía mortal para los niños: La ruta de la migración del Mediterráneo central” ofrece una mirada en profundidad sobre los riesgos extremos que enfrentan los niños refugiados y migrantes cuando realizan el peligroso trayecto que les lleva desde África subsahariana hasta Libia y luego a Italia por mar. Tres cuartas partes de los niños refugiados y migrantes entrevistados en una encuesta dijeron que habían sufrido casos de violencia, hostigamiento o agresión a manos de adultos en algún momento del trayecto, y casi la mitad de las mujeres y los niños entrevistados denunciaron haber sido víctimas de abuso sexual durante la migración, a menudo múltiples veces y en múltiples lugares.
The Council of Europe’s Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) publishes today the reports on two return flights it has monitored: one from Rome to Lagos (Nigeria) on 17 December 2015 and the other from Madrid to Bogotà (Colombia) and Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) on 18 February 2016. The two joint removal operations of foreign nationals by air were co-ordinated by Frontex (now European Border and Coast Guard) and organised by Italy and Spain, with the participation of other countries. The responses of the Italian and Spanish authorities to the reports are also published.
Report on the return flight from Spain and the response of the Spanish authorities:
Report on the return flight from Italy and the response of the Italian authorities:
The EU ‘hotspot approach’ was designed to ensure operational support to Member States facing disproportionate migratory pressure. However, one year since the first hotspots was set up and half a year since the entry into force of the EU Turkey Statement, research reveals that the pressure in these countries is growing and the challenges in accessing protection are multiplying.
Index number: EUR 30/5004/2016. Thousands of men, women and children, fleeing conflict, persecution and poverty, keep crossing the central Mediterranean in search of protection or a better life in Europe. Italy, leading efforts to save lives at sea, receives rescued people in its ports almost daily. In 2015 the European Union presented, as a flagship response to new arrivals on the continent, the “hotspot approach”. Amnesty International’s research, demonstrates that a host of human rights abuses are taking place in Italy, including excessive use of force by police, arbitrary detention and collective expulsions, and details serious allegations of torture and other forms of ill-treatment.
Index number: EUR 30/5078/2016. Amnesty International submits this document in advance of the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination’s (CERD) review of Italy’s 19th and 20th periodic reports. In this submission, Amnesty International wishes to offer updated information regarding the continuing discrimination of Roma in respect of the right to adequate housing – a matter which the organization has researched for almost a decade. The information provided in this document seeks to update the CERD on the current situation following previous submissions made by the organisation. In February 2012 Amnesty International submitted a Briefing to the CERD for consideration in advance of the review of Italy’s 16th to 18th periodic reports.
(26/11/2014). Index Number: EUR 30/007/2014. Since Amnesty International published its first report on labour exploitation of agricultural migrant workers in the agricultural sector, the Italian authorities have failed to effectively address the problem and to ensure that victims of labour exploitation have access to justice and can obtain full remedy. Italy’s restrictive implementation of the EU Employers’ Sanctions Directive, along with its failure to amend its migration policy and repeal the crime of ‘illegal entry and stay’, pose a serious threat to the full enjoyment of the human rights of migrants in an irregular situation.