Index number: ACT 30/8151/2018. The reach of the US lethal drone programme is extensive and the USA relies heavily on assistance from many States. Since taking office, President Donald Trump has reportedly made changes to US policy on the use of force outside areas of conflict. Combined with the current administration’s reported dramatic expansion in lethal drone operations, there is a real risk of an increase in unlawful killings and civilian casualties. This report examines the role played by the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy and analyses whether assistance provided by them could be aiding potentially unlawful US drone strikes in violation of international law.
Index number: MDE 14/8196/2018. Territorial armed conflict involving the armed group Islamic State (IS) in Iraq has come to an end, but the suffering of Iraqis has not. Thousands of Iraqi women and children with perceived IS ties have been condemned for crimes they did not commit. They are being punished for factors outside of their control – such as being related, however distantly, to men who were somehow involved with IS. In IDP camps across Iraq, they are denied food, water and health care and prevented from returning home. Many have been subjected to sexual harassment, rape and sexual exploitation. This treatment has left these families with a deep sense of injustice.
This report covers the judicial use of the death penalty for the period January to December 2017. Amnesty International reports only on executions, death sentences and other aspects of the use of the death penalty, such as commutations and exonerations, where there is reasonable confirmation. In many countries governments do not publish information on their use of the death penalty.
The use of the death penalty for crimes committed by people younger than 18 is prohibited under international human rights law, yet some countries still execute child offenders. Since 1990 Amnesty International has documented 138 executions of child offenders in 9 countries: China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, the USA and Yemen.
Index number: AMR 51/8146/2018. On 13 March 2018, President Donald Trump announced via Twitter that he was nominating Gina Haspel to become the next Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The nomination raises serious human rights concerns because Gina Haspel is alleged to have been involved in a program of secret detention operated by the CIA between 2002 and 2008. Amnesty International has called on President Trump to withdraw his nomination of Gina Haspel pending investigation into her alleged role in crimes under international law.
Index number: AFR 38/8125/2018. This submission focuses on racial discrimination in Mauritania, particularly regarding the persistent practice of slavery and discrimination against members of the Haratine and Afro-Mauritanian communities, and reprisals against human rights defenders who speak out against these practices. The submission is not an exhaustive analysis of Mauritania’s compliance with its obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. It is based on a research report published by Amnesty International in March 2018, ‘A sword hanging over our heads’: The repression of activists speaking out against discrimination and slavery in Mauritania.
Index number: AFR 41/7851/2018. In the morning of 7 February 2015, a flash flood partially destroyed Nagonha in northern Mozambique. This rural village is located inside a mining concession awarded to a Chinese mining company, Haiyu Mozambique Mining Co. This report examines Haiyu’s conduct including what the company did or failed to do in acquiring the right to land for use of mining activity in Nagonha, what it did or failed to do in its operations in Nagonha, and what it did or failed to do in response to the villagers’ demand for compensation and resettlement following the flood.
Le présent rapport rend compte de l’évolution de la situation depuis la réélection du président Mohamed Ould Abd El Aziz en juin 2014, jusqu’en janvier 2018. Il a été préparé à partir d’informations recueillies par Amnesty International lors de trois missions de recherche menées en Mauritanie, notamment à Nouakchott, à Nouadhibou et à Aleg, depuis 2014. Amnesty International a présenté les résultats de ses missions à des membres haut placés du gouvernement mauritanien, dont le président de la République, le ministre de la Justice et le commissaire aux droits de l’homme et à l’action humanitaire, et s’est entretenue avec plus de 130 personnes, dont des défenseurs des droits humains, des victimes d’atteintes aux droits fondamentaux, leurs avocats et des membres de leur famille.
Findings paint a worrying picture that Twitter can be a toxic place for its female users. The company’s failure to meet its responsibilities regarding violence and abuse means that many women are no longer able to express themselves freely on the platform without fear of violence or abuse.
This ground breaking research project by Amnesty International has exposed evidence of serious negligence by oil giants Shell and Eni, whose irresponsible approach to oil spills in the Niger Delta is exacerbating an environmental crisis. Through the Decoders network, an innovative platform developed by Amnesty International to crowdsource human rights research, the organization enlisted thousands of supporters and activists to collect data about oil spills in the Niger Delta. These findings confirm that Shell and Eni are failing to operate responsibly and in line with Nigerian law and best practice standards. Their failures are resulting in worse pollution in the Niger Delta, which has a negative impact on the rights of the people living there.