Amnistía Internacional

Nigeria: A criminal enterprise? Shell’s involvement in human rights violations in Nigeria in the 1990s

Index number: AFR 44/7393/2017. This explosive report examines the role that the Anglo-Dutch oil giant, Shell, played in a brutal campaign by the Nigerian security forces to silence protests in Ogoniland, in the oil-producing Niger Delta region, in the 1990s. Amnesty International is calling on the governments of Nigeria, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom to investigate, with a view to prosecution, Shell’s potential involvement in crimes linked to human rights violations committed by the Nigerian security forces in Ogoniland in the 1990s.

Americas: ‘No safe place’: salvadorans, guatemalans and hondurans seeking asylum in Mexico based on their sexual orientation and/or gender identity

Index number: AMR 01/7258/2017. The countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras) are among the most violent in the world. There is evidence that Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex people (LGBTI) are particularly exposed to violence in the Northern Triangle countries, and that this is related intrinsically to the multiple forms of discrimination that LGBTI people face in the different spheres of their family and working life, as part of society more widely and institutionally, on the basis of their gender identity and/or sexual orientation.

Colombia: the years of solitude continue. Colombia: the peace agreement and guarantees of non-repetition in Chocó

‘Years of solitude continue’ explores how the Colombian Peace Agreement, signed on 24 November 2016, is having a very limited impact on the lives of scores of Indigenous and afro-descendant communities in the department of Chocó.


Myanmar: “caged without a roof”: apartheid in Myanmar’s Rakhine state.

The situation for Myanmar’s Rohingya minority has deteriorated dramatically since August 2017, when the military unleashed a brutal campaign of violence against the population living in the northern parts of Rakhine State, where the majority of Rohingya normally live. This report maps in detail the violations, in particular discrimination and racially-based restrictions in law, policy and practice that Rohingya living in Rakhine State have faced for decades, and how these have intensified since 2012, following waves of violence between Muslims and Buddhists, often supported by security forces.


Philippines: ‘The battle of Marawi’. Death and destruction in the Philippines

On May 23rd, a firefight broke out in Marawi City between the Philippine government forces and armed non-state actors. The ‘battle of Marawi’ lasted for five months and resulted in mass displacement of civilians, widespread destruction of civilian infrastructure and loss of civilian lives. Amnesty International documented serious violations of international humanitarian law by all parties to the conflict, some of which amount to war crimes. Amnesty International is calling on the government of the Philippines to conduct a prompt, effective, and impartial investigation into the allegations of serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law.

Cuba: “your mind is in prison” – Cuba’s web of control over free expression and its chilling effect on everyday life

The Cuban voices at the centre of this briefing, describe feeling weighed down and suffocated in their daily lives. Successive decades of disproportionate and arbitrary use of the criminal law and campaigns of state-sponsored discrimination against those who dare to speak out or try to leave the country has contributed to this feeling. Discriminatory dismissals from stateemployment, and arbitrary harassment of self-employed workers in the private sector, as an additional layer of state control, and the lack of an effective recourse to challenge them, has created a profound climate of fear in Cuba.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: time to recharge: corporate action and inaction to tackle abuses in the cobalt supply chain

This report builds on This is What We Die For (AFR 62/3183/2016), first published by Amnesty International and Afrewatch in 2016, which showed how cobalt mined by children and adults in hazardous conditions in the DRC entered the supply chains of many of the world’s biggest brands. This report assesses the policies and practices of 29 companies and how much their cobalt-sourcing practices have improved since then. While there have been signs of progress by some companies, too many continue to lag behind. Company responses sought in the production of this report can be found in document AFR 62/7418/2017 available on this website.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: company responses to Amnesty International regarding cobalt in their supply chains

Amnesty International conducted research into the cobalt due diligence policies and practices of many well-known consumer electronics companies, electric vehicle manufacturers and the companies in their supply chains. As part of the research, Amnesty International contacted these companies and asked about their cobalt supply and their human rights due diligence practices. These were their responses. These responses relate to the report: Time to Recharge: Corporate Action and Inaction to Tackle Abuses in the Cobalt Supply Chain.

Nigeria: the human cost of a megacity: forced evictions of the urban poor in Lagos, Nigeria

This report documents seven forced evictions of more than 30,000 residents of Ilubirin and Otodo-Gbame communities in Lagos State, Nigeria, between 19 March 2016 and 22 April 2017. These were carried out by state authorities in disregard of their obligations under international and domestic laws, and in direct violation of court orders. The forced evictions and related attacks resulted in injury, death, disappearance, massive destruction of property, homelessness, loss of livelihoods, separation of families, and children deprived of access to education.

Syria: ‘we leave or we die’: forced displacement under Syria’s ‘reconciliation’ agreements

Local agreements have increasingly become one of the Syrian government’s key strategies to force the opposition’s surrender. The agreements are presented by the government and its allies as a “reconciliation” effort, but, in reality, they come after prolonged unlawful sieges and bombardment and typically result not only in the evacuation of members of non-state armed groups but also in the mass displacement of civilians. In essence, the deals have enabled the government to reclaim control of territory by first starving and then removing inhabitants who rejected its rule. The population transfers on the now-infamous green buses have come to symbolise the dispossession and defeat.