Amnistía Internacional

Singapore: Cooperate or die: Singapore’s flawed reforms to the mandatory death penalty

Index number: ACT 50/7158/2017. Singapore has recorded a significant reduction in its use of the death penalty in recent years, with executions dropping from more than 70 per year in the mid-1990s to single figures in the subsequent decade. Despite this progress, the death penalty in the country continues to be used in violation of international law and standards, particularly with respect to its mandatory application and use for drug-related offences.


Afghanistan: Forced back to danger: Asylum-seekers returned from Europe to Afghanistan

Index number: ASA 11/6866/2017. The conflict gripping Afghanistan is widespread and volatile. Tens of thousands of civilians have been killed or injured, and a wide range of people are at additional risk of other serious human rights violations such as persecution or torture. No part of the country can be considered safe. European countries and the European Union have remained wilfully blind to these dangers, and are putting tremendous pressure on Afghanistan to accept large numbers of returns. Amnesty International is calling for a moratorium on all returns to Afghanistan, until they can take place in safety and dignity.


Burundi: Conform or flee: Repression and insecurity pushing Burundians into exile

Index number: AFR 16/7139/2017. More than two years into the crisis sparked by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision in April 2015 to stand for a third term in office, repression has become increasingly entrenched in Burundi. Security forces used excessive, and sometimes lethal, force to silence the protests that ensued. Since then Burundi has seen an upsurge of extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, often targeting real or perceived opponents of the ruling party.


From London to Juba, a UK-registered company’s role in one of the largest arms deals to South Sudan

Index number: ACT 30/7115/2017.  This report documents a complex multi-million dollar arms deal involving entities in the UK, Ukraine and the United Arab Emirates. While outlining the obligations of Ukraine and UAE to prevent irresponsible arms transfers, the report focuses on the role of a UK ‘front’ or ‘shell’ company, whose name was found on contract documents and an end user certificate. Any involvement of a UK-registered company in arms transfers to South Sudan would be in breach of the EU arms embargo on South Sudan, as well the Arms Trade Treaty, UK domestic law and stated UK policy on South Sudan.

Mission failed: policing assemblies in South Korea

In the period 2013 to 2016 the South Korean police employed a range of practices in policing assemblies that fell short of international human rights law and standards. During this period, the police used their discretion under existing domestic law to ban, restrict and disperse a number of peaceful assemblies. This briefing details those areas where the police failed in their mission to facilitate, protect and promote freedom of peaceful assembly between 2013 and 2016. It also makes recommendations to the police and lawmakers on how to ensure these recent improvements are consolidated into law and practice.


Sudan: courageous and resilient: activists in Sudan speak out

The Government of Sudan’s long record of stifling dissent continued in late 2016 and early 2017. Between October 2016 and April 2017, at least 77 people were subjected to arbitrary arrests and detention in Sudan. These opposition political activists and human rights defenders are routinely subjected to torture and other ill-treatment and detained for long period without charges solely for the peaceful exercise of their rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association.


Australia: submission to the un human rights committee

Amnesty International welcomes the opportunity to submit this document to the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Committee (the Committee). This submission focuses on the key civil and political rights issues in Australia including the legal framework for human rights protection, the rights of Indigenous peoples and asylum seekers, freedom of expression, violence against women and the civil marriage law reform. It is not an exhaustive analysis of Australia’s compliance with its obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the Covenant).


Tackling the trade in tools of torture and execution technologies

This briefing presents examples of equipment currently being manufactured, promoted, exported and misused that urgently needs to be banned or more robustly regulated. Drawing on research by Amnesty International and the Omega Research Foundation, it examines mechanical restraints, direct contact electric shock devices, riot control agents, kinetic impact devices, training in potentially abusive techniques and pharmaceutical chemicals used in lethal injections, citing cases from around the world of their misuse in torture and other ill-treatment and for carrying out the death penalty. It explores what measures States have so far taken to combat this trade.


Chad: between recession and repression: the rising cost of dissent in Chad

When President Idriss Déby took power in Chad in 1990, he promised to make a decisive break from the horrors of the previous eight years. Over a quarter of a century later, the conviction of former President Hissène Habré in 2016 for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture may have gone some way to begin healing past wounds. However, full guarantees of individual and collective freedoms for all Chadians remain elusive and an apparatus of repression remains in place muzzling the voices of those who stand
up and speak out to criticize the government or its policies.

Peru: a toxic state: violations of the right to health of indigenous peoples in Cuninico and Espinar, Peru

A Toxic State reveals how the Peruvian government has failed to provide adequate healthcare for Indigenous communities in Cuninico and Espinar, in the country’s Amazonian and Andean regions, respectively. Studies found that their only sources of fresh water were contaminated with toxic metals harmful to human health.