Amnesty International welcomes the opportunity to contribute to the Questionnaire on the situation of human rights defenders sent by the United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur. Despite the many efforts made by different UN entities, as well as by some states, civil society organizations, human rights defenders and other relevant stakeholders during the last 20 years, Amnesty international considers that there is still a lot to be done in order to ensure the full implementation of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders and guarantee a safe and enabling environment for all those who defend human rights.
The Honduran security forces used excessive force to suppress the wave of demonstrations that followed the elections on 29 November 2017. They detained hundreds of people. Several of those arrested for crimes allegedly committed during the protests face criminal proceedings and are being denied their right to due process, including by being held in pre-trial detention. This document exposes some of the methods used by the Honduran authorities to suppress demonstrations and discourage people from taking part in them. It also highlights the consequences for those deprived of their liberty of being held in pre-trial detention.
Since late 2016, Cameroon’s Anglophone regions have endured turmoil and violence in what has become a human rights crisis. This report documents the human rights violations, including unlawful killings, destruction of private property, arbitrary arrests and torture committed by the Cameroonian security forces during military operations conducted in the Anglophone regions. It also documents how armed separatist groups calling for secession and embracing an armed struggle, carried out violent attacks against the Cameroonian security forces, state emblems, including schools, and ordinary people.
Amnesty International submits this briefing to the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in advance of the adoption of the list of issues and the subsequent review of the of the eighth periodic report of the review of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). In this submission, Amnesty International presents some of its concerns under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (the “Convention”) with a focus on human rights violations experienced by migrant women, LBT women and women in Northern Ireland.
Ahead of the discussion of the UN Human Rights Council on the report of the Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges, Amnesty International calls on Poland to take immediate steps to address interference with the independence of the judiciary. The report highlights the fact that the Polish government has actively hampered the independence of the judiciary by enabling the executive and legislative branches to interfere with the administration of justice. Such interference threatens to have significant negative consequences for human rights in the country.
Index number: MDE 24/8367/2018. The four-month military operation carried out by the US-led Coalition to oust the Islamic State from Raqqa (Syria), killed hundreds of civilians, injured many more and destroyed much of the city. This report documents the experiences of four families whose cases are emblematic of wider patterns. Eight months on, the Coalition remains in denial about the human tragedy resulting from its military campaign. Amnesty International is urging Coalition members to promptly and impartially investigate allegations of international law violations and civilian casualties, and to provide reparation to the victims and adequate assistance for the desperately needed demining and reconstruction work.
Index number: AMR 43/8470/2018. In response to social protests during April and May 2018, the Nicaraguan government adopted a strategy of violent repression not seen in the country for years. More than 70 people were reportedly killed by the state and hundreds were seriously injured. It is in this context, and with acts of repression continuing to take place in the country at the time of writing, that Amnesty International is publishing this report.
Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4384702018SPANISH.PDF
Index number: MDE 28/8455/2018. Amnesty International welcomes the opportunity to submit this document to the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Committee (The Committee). This submission focuses on the key civil and political rights in Algeria, including the national human rights framework, freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom of association, freedom of religion or belief, summary expulsions and freedom of movement rights, fair trial, gender-based discrimination and women’s rights, death penalty, and accountability for past abuses. It is not an exhaustive analysis of Algeria’s compliance with its obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the Covenant).
Índice: AMR 41/8372/2018. Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made to Mexico in its previous Universal Periodic Review (UPR), provides input for the UPR that Mexico will undergo in 2018. Topics cover by the submission include public security, the criminal justice system, torture and ill-treatment, enforced disappearances, and human rights defenders and journalists. The organization concludes that despite some progress, most of the recommendations assessed have still to be fully implemented.
Informe en español: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR4183722018SPANISH.PDF
Since early 2015, the Nigerian military has recaptured vast swathes of territory that had come under the control of Boko Haram in the north-east of the country. However, instead of “freeing” hundreds of thousands of people who had been trapped in these areas, the military has carried out systematic patterns of violence and abuse against this population, including war crimes and possible crimes against humanity. This report examines what happened to the group of people who fled or were forced from rural towns and villages that had been controlled by Boko Haram, as the military intensified its operations.