Número de índice: AMR 43/6515/2017. La historia de Nicaragua recordará el 13 de junio de 2013 como una fecha trascendental. En ese día, la Asamblea Nacional adoptó la “Ley Especial para el Desarrollo de Infraestructuras y Transporte “Ley Especial para el Desarrollo de Infraestructuras y Transporte Nicaragüense Atingente a El Canal, Zonas de Libre Comercio e Infraestructuras Asociadas” (Ley 840). Esta Ley dio el visto bueno para otorgar la concesión, diseño y desarrollo de uno de los proyectos de ingeniería más ambiciosos del mundo: El Gran Canal Interoceánico y sus Sub-Proyectos asociados (el Proyecto).
Index number: MDE 13/6446/2017. The Iranian authorities are intensifying their crackdown against human rights defenders, who have already been working under suffocating levels of repression. Human rights defenders are routinely portrayed in official statements and court verdicts as “criminals” and “foreign agents” bent on harming national security. Since 2013, dozens of human rights defenders have been imprisoned on spurious national security-related charges based solely on their peaceful human rights activities. Many others have faced surveillance, interrogations and drawn-out prosecutions, coercing them into silence. Amnesty International urges the Iranian authorities to release all imprisoned human rights defenders immediately and unconditionally, and to create a safe and enabling environment in which defenders can defend and promote human rights without fear of reprisals.
(24/07/2017). Index number: AFR 65/6469/2017. Since the outbreak of South Sudan’s internal armed conflict in Juba in December 2013, thousands of South Sudanese have been subjected to sexual violence including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery, sexual mutilation, torture, castration, or forced nudity. These acts of sexual violence are shocking in their scale and level of brutality, and will leave physical, psychological, and social impacts for decades to come. In this report, survivors of sexual violence recount their experiences, often with disturbing detail. They call for the perpetrators to be held accountable, reparations, and measures to address the social fractures that cause and result from sexual violence. https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AFR6564692017ENGLISH.PDF
(21/07/2017). Index number: AMR 13/6772/2017. In this submission Amnesty International expresses concerns about the regressive policies adopted on migrants’ rights, the continued criminalization of abortion, and shortcomings in the national human rights institution. Amnesty International also raises concerns about the threats of detention of irregular migrants, obstacles in accessing legal abortion, violence against women, violations of the rights of Indigenous Peoples and increased criminalization of Indigenous leaders and human rights defenders, restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and assembly, and impunity for past crimes. https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR1367722017ENGLISH.PDF
(20/07/2017). Index number: AMR 34/6212/2017. A un año de que siete defensores del agua y el territorio en Huehuetenango fueran absueltos de un proceso infundado en su contra, Amnistia Internacional continúa preocupada por la persistente utilización del sistema de justicia para silenciar e intimidar a personas defensoras de derechos humanos en el país. A pesar de los lineamientos fijados por el Tribunal Primero de sentencia penal, narcoactividad y delitos contra el ambiente de Guatemala para evitar nuevos casos similares, y aunque las autoridades guatemaltecas han tomado algunos pasos para frenar dichos abusos en casos concretos, éstos han sido insuficientes para evitar el indebido uso del sistema de justicia contra personas defensoras de los derechos humanos.
(20/07/2017). Index number: AFR 17/6536/2017. Since 2014, the armed group Boko Haram has killed over 1,500 civilians in the Far North region of Cameroon, through a series of brutal and often indiscriminate attacks, in addition to its kidnapping of women and girls and its widespread looting and destruction of property. Amnesty International believes that Boko Haram has been engaged in a non-international armed conflict with the Cameroonian security forces since at least 2014. https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AFR1765362017ENGLISH.PDF
In this report, Amnesty International researched the way in which arrests by police forces in Mexico occur, specifically, when the authorities alleged that they arrest a person in flagrante delicto; that is, at the time when a crime was being committed. We found that, in Mexico, the arrests of people who were allegedly committing a crime at the time of the arrest, do not serve as a genuine response to the crimes being committed in the country, but are used by the authorities illegally, mainly against those who face historical situations of discrimination, with a worrying impact on young men living in poverty.
Death sentences in Ghana continue to be imposed. At the end of 2016, 148 people were on death row, all sentenced to death for murder. While the last executions were carried out in July 1993, there is no official moratorium on executions in Ghana. Research carried out by Amnesty International in Ghana has highlighted concerns with the use of the death penalty, access to fair trial rights and poor prison conditions. Amnesty International calls on the Ghanaian authorities to commute the death sentences of all people on death row and to abolish the death penalty for all crimes.
The battle for west Mosul has caused a civilian catastrophe. Civilians have been ruthlessly exploited by the armed group calling itself the Islamic State (IS), which has systematically moved them into zones of conflict, used them as human shields and prevented them from escaping to safety. They have also been subjected to relentless and unlawful attacks by Iraqi government forces and members of the US-led coalition. Residents of west Mosul count themselves lucky if they escape with their lives.
Amnesty International highlights continued harassment of human rights defenders, including enforced disappearance of defenders; arbitrary arrest and detention in Karachi and Balochistan; restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and association; sectarian and religious violence; and violence against women and lack of access to justice. Amnesty International also raises concerns about the continued application of the death penalty, including death sentences imposed by military courts; and forced return of refugees to Afghanistan.