Reception conditions remain the central challenge facing the Italian asylum system. Over 75% of the refugee and migrant population were hosted in temporary reception centres (CAS), where conditions present serious concerns and generally remain unsuitable for longer-term stay. Despite steady decrease in previous years, detention practices are increasingly resorted to, not least under the EU’s hotspot approach. Italy has recently committed to reactivate existing and create additional Identification and Expulsion Centres (CIE) across the territory, as well as issuing detention instructions targeting specific nationalities such as Nigerians. At the same time, Italy has introduced reforms to curtail crucial rights in the asylum procedure by abolishing the Court of Appeal as a second judicial instance in asylum cases, while restricting the possibility for an applicant to be heard by the court.