Six years ago, the international community stood, watched and waited as evidence emerged of a looming famine in Somalia. The early warning signs were clearly visible, as the combined effects of drought and conflict took their toll. By the time the international relief effort got into full swing, it was too late to prevent a catastrophe. Around a quarter of a million people lost their lives – over half of the victims were children under five years old.i In the countless analyses that were carried out, UN agencies recognised that delayed action had cost lives. Governments around the world pledged to ensure that the humanitarian systems would never again fail on such a scale.