“Where are we going to live?” Migration and Statelessness in Haiti and the Dominican Republic

In December 2013, the Dominican Republic set out an 18-month National Regularization Plan for Foreigners with Irregular Migration Status aimed at foreigners who had migrated to the Dominican Republic. In the same month, the government announced a suspension of all deportations, but promised to resume full-scale deportations immediately after the expiration of the plan, on 18 June 2015. The possibility of mass deportations of Haitian migrants and the widely-feared expulsion of Dominicans of Haitian descent captured the attention of the international community and the media, and led to increased tensions between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Following the expiration of the regularization plan, the Dominican authorities explicitly committed not to expel anybody who could prove that they had been born in the Dominican Republic. They also promised that each case would be assessed individually following due process and that people born in the country would be screened and protected from expulsion. Haitian authorities publicly expressed the government’s commitment to treat Haitian nationals coming from the Dominican Republic appropriately but also said were not unduly concerned by the possible expulsion of Dominicans and stateless people.


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